From Halachipedia
This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent.
Jump to navigation Jump to search

For laws relating to Jewish holidays, see Yom Tov

Jewish holidays, (Hebrew: Yamim Tovim, ימים טובים‎, singular Yom Tov, יום טוב) occur throughout the year. The Halachik status of holidays vary, depending on the origin of the festival.

List of Jewish Holidays

  • Chodesh Elul is the month of repentance heralding the new year, during which the shofar is blown daily and Selichot are recited.
  • Rosh Hashana is the Jewish new year, on which the Shofar is blown in coronation of Hashem over the world.
  • Aseret Yimei Teshuva are the ten days of repentance between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur.
  • Yom Kippur is the day of atonement, when the judgement for the year is sealed.
  • Sukkot is the holiday when Jews sit in a Sukkah and shake the Arba Minim (Lulav, Etrog, Hadasim, and Aravot).
  • Shemini Aseret is the one day holiday that concludes the Tishrei series of Yamim Tovim.
  • Simchat Torah is the day celebrating the concluding of the Torah.
  • Chanukah is the eight day festival of lights.
  • Tu BiShevat is the new year for the trees.
  • Purim is commemorating the hidden miracles that saved the Jewish people from Haman's plot to annihilate the nation.
  • Purim Katan is the 14th of the first Adar of a leap year.
  • Pesach is the holiday when Jews celebrate the exodus from Egypt with the seder, Matzah, Maror, and no Chametz.
  • Sefirat HaOmer is the counting of the Omer from Pesach to Shavuot.
  • Yom HaAtzmaut is Israeli Independence Day.
  • Lag BaOmer is the 33rd day of the Omer, on which Rabbi Akiva's students stopped dying in a plague.
  • Shavuot is the holiday when Jews celebrate the receiving of the Torah with all night Torah study and dairy foods.
  • Yom Tov means holidays on which non-food related Melacha is prohibited.
  • Chol HaMoed are the intermediate days between the first day of Yom Tov and the last day of Yom Tov.
  • Rosh Chodesh is the beginning of the new month.
  • Three Weeks is the three weeks of mourning over the destruction of the Beit HaMikdash, beginning with Shiva Asar BeTamuz and ending with Tisha BeAv.
  • Nine Days is the nine days of the month of Av, from Rosh Chodesh to Tisha BeAv, during which the mourning practices become more intense.
  • Fast Days are days of mourning for specific tragedies in Jewish history.
  • Tisha BeAv, the day of compounded tragedy for the Jewish nation.
  • Tu BeAv (Tu B'Av), the day of much celebration for the Jewish nation.

Jewish holidays by month

Month Jewish holidays and related events
Rosh Hashana - Aseret Yimei Teshuva - Yom Kippur - Sukkot - Chol HaMoed Sukkot - Shemini Aseret - Simchat Torah
Asara B'Tevet
Tu BiShevat
Tanit Ester - Purim - Purim Katan
Tanit Bechorot - Pesach - Chol HaMoed Pesach - Sefirat HaOmer
Yom HaAtzmaut - Pesach Sheni - Lag BaOmer
Shiva Asar BeTamuz - Three Weeks
Menachem Av
Nine Days - Tisha BeAv - Tu BeAv
Chodesh Elul
Yom Tov - Yom Tov Sheni - Rosh Chodesh - Issru Chag

See also