Difference between revisions of "Dosh"

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# Dash includes removing any earth-grown food from its natural shell or attachment.<ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 317) </ref>
 
# Dash includes removing any earth-grown food from its natural shell or attachment.<ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 317) </ref>
 
# Mefarek is a [[Toldah]] of Dosh. <ref>Rashi [[Shabbat]] 73b and Rambam ([[Shabbat]] 8:7 and 21:12) write that Mefarek is a [[Toldah]] of Dosh. </ref>
 
# Mefarek is a [[Toldah]] of Dosh. <ref>Rashi [[Shabbat]] 73b and Rambam ([[Shabbat]] 8:7 and 21:12) write that Mefarek is a [[Toldah]] of Dosh. </ref>
Mefarek includes squeezing juice from fruit (Sechitah) or liquid from a cloth. <ref>Rambam (Shabbat 8:10 and 21:12) writes that squeezing fruit (Sechitah) is a violation of Mefarek. 39 Melachos (Dosh note 113) quotes Tosfot Ketubot 6a s.v. Hay who holds that squeezing a liquid from a cloth is also considered Mefarek. </ref>
+
# Mefarek includes squeezing juice from fruit (Sechitah) or liquid from a cloth. <ref>Rambam (Shabbat 8:10 and 21:12) writes that squeezing fruit (Sechitah) is a violation of Mefarek. 39 Melachos (Dosh note 113) quotes Tosfot Ketubot 6a s.v. Hay who holds that squeezing a liquid from a cloth is also considered Mefarek. </ref>
 
==Removing peas from a pod==
 
==Removing peas from a pod==
 
# One may not remove peas from an inedible pod on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 325) </ref>
 
# One may not remove peas from an inedible pod on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 325) </ref>
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# One may not use a wet brush to scrub if the brush's fibers are soft and dense. However, if the fibers are stiff, sparse, and made out of synthetic material one may use that brush for scrubbing. Similarly, a plastic mesh or wire mesh may be used for scrubbing only if the fibers are thin and the netting is widely spaced. However, one may not use a mesh if the fibers are closely packed; for example, one may not use a steel wool pad. To determine whether the fibers are considered dense or sparse one should conduct the following test before [[Shabbat]]: Immerse it in water and upon removing it if the water drains out immediately the fibers are considered widely spaced, however, if water stays absorbed it is considered densely spaced.<ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 349-50) </ref>
 
# One may not use a wet brush to scrub if the brush's fibers are soft and dense. However, if the fibers are stiff, sparse, and made out of synthetic material one may use that brush for scrubbing. Similarly, a plastic mesh or wire mesh may be used for scrubbing only if the fibers are thin and the netting is widely spaced. However, one may not use a mesh if the fibers are closely packed; for example, one may not use a steel wool pad. To determine whether the fibers are considered dense or sparse one should conduct the following test before [[Shabbat]]: Immerse it in water and upon removing it if the water drains out immediately the fibers are considered widely spaced, however, if water stays absorbed it is considered densely spaced.<ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 349-50) </ref>
 
# A wet sponge is [[Muktzeh]] Machmat Issur and may only be moved if the space it is occupying is needed. When moving a wet sponge one should do so gently so as not to squeeze out any liquid. However, a dry sponge or a wet sponge which has a handle or vinyl backing aren't muktzeh and may be moved for any necessary purpose. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 354) </ref>  
 
# A wet sponge is [[Muktzeh]] Machmat Issur and may only be moved if the space it is occupying is needed. When moving a wet sponge one should do so gently so as not to squeeze out any liquid. However, a dry sponge or a wet sponge which has a handle or vinyl backing aren't muktzeh and may be moved for any necessary purpose. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 354) </ref>  
 +
==Squeezing water from hair==
 +
# It is forbidden to squeeze water out of one's hair on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Mishna Brurah 326:25</ref>Similarly, one shouldn't shampoo one's hair on shabbat. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)</ref>
 +
# One may wet one's hair if one does not squeeze it out. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)</ref>
 +
# One should not shake one's head vigorously in order to remove the absorbed water. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 372)</ref>
 +
# One may tightly wrap a towel on one's hair to absorb the liquid because the liquid is absorbed immediately and becomes useless. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)</ref>
 
==Cleaning a counter or table==
 
==Cleaning a counter or table==
 
# One may use a rag or towel to wipe up a spill if the rag or towel is able to soak up the entire spill without needing to wring it out. One may also use many rags at the same time if together they can absorb the spill. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 350-1) </ref>
 
# One may use a rag or towel to wipe up a spill if the rag or towel is able to soak up the entire spill without needing to wring it out. One may also use many rags at the same time if together they can absorb the spill. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 350-1) </ref>
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==Nursing==
 
==Nursing==
 
# It is only permissible to nurse on [[Shabbat]] if the infant feeds directly from the mother. A nursing mother who is experiencing pain may express excess milk if it goes directly to waste and is not collected in a cup or container. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 356) </ref>
 
# It is only permissible to nurse on [[Shabbat]] if the infant feeds directly from the mother. A nursing mother who is experiencing pain may express excess milk if it goes directly to waste and is not collected in a cup or container. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 356) </ref>
==Squeezing water from hair==
+
 
# It is forbidden to squeeze water out of one's hair on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Mishna Brurah 326:25</ref>Similarly, one shouldn't shampoo one's hair on shabbat. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)</ref>
 
# One may wet one's hair if one does not squeeze it out. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)</ref>
 
# One should not shake one's head vigorously in order to remove the absorbed water. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 372)</ref>
 
# One may tightly wrap a towel on one's hair to absorb the liquid because the liquid is absorbed immediately and becomes useless. <ref>39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)</ref>
 
 
==Related Pages==
 
==Related Pages==
 
* [[Brushing Teeth on Shabbat]]
 
* [[Brushing Teeth on Shabbat]]
 
* [[Sechitah on Yom Tov]]
 
* [[Sechitah on Yom Tov]]
 
+
* [[Showering on Yom Tov]]
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Revision as of 03:58, 24 April 2013

General prohibition

  1. Dash includes removing any earth-grown food from its natural shell or attachment.[1]
  2. Mefarek is a Toldah of Dosh. [2]
  3. Mefarek includes squeezing juice from fruit (Sechitah) or liquid from a cloth. [3]

Removing peas from a pod

  1. One may not remove peas from an inedible pod on Shabbat. [4]
  2. Peeling fruits (such as oranges or bananas) or vegetables (such as onions or cucumbers) is not considered a violation of Dosh. Nonetheless one should be careful of the conditions of Borer such as only peeling it right before eating and not using a peeler (but one may use a knife or one's hands). [5]
  3. One may not the husk from an ear of corn on Shabbat. [6]

Removing shell of nuts

  1. One may remove the shell of nuts (pecans, brazil nuts, filberts, peanuts) on Shabbat. [7]
  2. One may not remove the outer hull (a thick pulpy layer) of an almond or walnut on Shabbat, however, one may remove the inner hard wood-like shell. [8]
  3. There is a question of removing the outer thin peel of a garlic bulb on Shabbat however most poskim permit and certainly it's permitted to remove the peel around the individual cloves. [9]

Squeezing a fruit

  1. It’s forbidden to squeeze a fruit in order to extract it’s liquid if one squeezes the fruit into a liquid or empty vessel. The prohibition is violated whether it’s done with one’s hand or a utensil. [10] One may not squeeze a fruit into an empty vessel with intent to put solid food in afterwards. [11]
  2. It’s permitted to squeeze a fruit with one’s hand onto a solid food if either the food absorbs the liquid or the liquid is meant to improve the flavor of the food. [12]

Liquids that oozed out themselves

  1. Juice that oozed (by itself) out of fruit, which is specifically designated to be eaten, is permitted to drink. [13]

Squeezing a lemon

  1. It is permitted to squeeze a lemon on sugar even if one’s intent is to put the sugar in a liquid afterwards, however, there are authorities who are strict on this issue. [14]
  2. It’s permissible to cut a slice of lemon and put it into a drink even though the juice will seep out. [15] Note that if the drink is hot tea its only permissible if it is made in a Kli Shelishi (see Bishul). One may gently stir the tea but one may not press the lemon against the wall of the cup. Additionally, one should cut the lemon directly over the tea. [16]

Squeezing out excess liquid

  1. It’s permitted to squeeze out excess liquid in a food to improve it’s taste if it’s done immediately prior to eating. For example it’s permitted to squeeze a pickled cucumber to remove some of it’s vinegar if one is going to eat the pickle right away. [17]
  2. One may squeeze out latkes from excess vegetable oil if ones intention is to get rid of the oil and it is done right before eating.[18]
  3. It's commendable to refrain from squeezing a piece of meat, fish, or chicken to get rid of excess gravy if the gravy contains water or wine.[19]

Sucking on a fruit

  1. One may suck on any fruit except for grapes even though one is extracting liquid with one's mouth. However, one shouldn’t squeeze the fruit with one’s hand. [20]
  2. It’s permitted to dip bread in a soup or other dip and then suck off the liquid, but it’s preferable to eat a little of the bread with it. [21]

Cutting a grapefruit or watermelon

  1. It’s permitted to cut a grapefruit (or watermelon) even if liquids will ooze out as long as one doesn’t intend specifically to drink the juices rather to eat the fruit and that one doesn’t intentionally doesn’t squeeze the fruit. [22]
  2. One may scrape out grapefruit with a spoon to eat the pulp (the flesh of the fruit) attached to the peel, however, it's forbidden to press the spoon against the pulp in order to extract juices. [23]

Squeezing grapes

  1. It is permitted to squeeze grapes onto food, but it is forbidden to squeeze grapes into an empty dish even if it is for flavor. [24]
  2. However, if one is stringent and does not even squeeze fruits onto food shall be blessed. [25]
  3. It’s preferable not to squeeze grapes even onto solid foods that will absorb the liquid or be improved. [26]
  4. One shouldn’t suck on grapes while holding them in one’s hand, rather one should put the entire grape in one’s mouth, eat (or suck on it) and take out what’s left. [27]
  5. It is forbidden to drink juice that oozed out of grapes by itself. [28]

Squeezing a liquid out of a cloth

  1. It is forbidden to squeeze any liquid out of any cloth on Shabbat. [29]
  2. If wine spilled on a tablecloth one may not wring out the cloth. If some of the liquid didn't get absorbed one may scoop it off with a spoon if one is careful not to spread the colored wine over a wider area (which is an issue of Tzoveya. [30]
  3. A wet washcloth or rag is not Muktzeh and may be moved if one is careful not to grip it tightly. [31]

Using a sponge or brush on Shabbat

  1. One may not clean dishes or even gently wipe a countertop with a sponge because gripping the sponge will inevitably cause liquid to be squeezed out where one's fingers grasp the material. However, using a sponge which has a handle or a vinyl back one may gently wipe a countertop but it is still forbidden to wash dishes.[32]
  2. One shouldn't use a dry sponge to wipe up a spill unless the sponge has a handle or vinyl back.[33]
  3. One may not use a wet brush to scrub if the brush's fibers are soft and dense. However, if the fibers are stiff, sparse, and made out of synthetic material one may use that brush for scrubbing. Similarly, a plastic mesh or wire mesh may be used for scrubbing only if the fibers are thin and the netting is widely spaced. However, one may not use a mesh if the fibers are closely packed; for example, one may not use a steel wool pad. To determine whether the fibers are considered dense or sparse one should conduct the following test before Shabbat: Immerse it in water and upon removing it if the water drains out immediately the fibers are considered widely spaced, however, if water stays absorbed it is considered densely spaced.[34]
  4. A wet sponge is Muktzeh Machmat Issur and may only be moved if the space it is occupying is needed. When moving a wet sponge one should do so gently so as not to squeeze out any liquid. However, a dry sponge or a wet sponge which has a handle or vinyl backing aren't muktzeh and may be moved for any necessary purpose. [35]

Squeezing water from hair

  1. It is forbidden to squeeze water out of one's hair on Shabbat. [36]Similarly, one shouldn't shampoo one's hair on shabbat. [37]
  2. One may wet one's hair if one does not squeeze it out. [38]
  3. One should not shake one's head vigorously in order to remove the absorbed water. [39]
  4. One may tightly wrap a towel on one's hair to absorb the liquid because the liquid is absorbed immediately and becomes useless. [40]

Cleaning a counter or table

  1. One may use a rag or towel to wipe up a spill if the rag or towel is able to soak up the entire spill without needing to wring it out. One may also use many rags at the same time if together they can absorb the spill. [41]
  2. One may not wipe a surface such as a counter or table top with a wet cloth. However, if a counter is sticky one may sprinkle water on the surface and then wipe it clean with a dry rag but it's preferable to used a paper napkin.[42] When necessary one wipe a surface very gently using a saturated rag or wet wet napkin. [43]

Baby wipes

  1. Some say that one may use baby wipes to clean a baby if one does it gently and doesn't press down.[44] However, some advise not using baby wipes but rather tissues and water as described in the following halacha. [45]
  2. One should not wet a cloth and then wipe the baby rather the liquid such as water, thin lotion, or oil should be applied to the baby's skin and then wiped with a paper napkin or paper towel and if that's not available then one may use a dry cloth. If one uses a dry cloth then once it gets wet one should be very cautious not to apply pressure when wiping. [46]

Nursing

  1. It is only permissible to nurse on Shabbat if the infant feeds directly from the mother. A nursing mother who is experiencing pain may express excess milk if it goes directly to waste and is not collected in a cup or container. [47]

Related Pages

Sources

  1. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 317)
  2. Rashi Shabbat 73b and Rambam (Shabbat 8:7 and 21:12) write that Mefarek is a Toldah of Dosh.
  3. Rambam (Shabbat 8:10 and 21:12) writes that squeezing fruit (Sechitah) is a violation of Mefarek. 39 Melachos (Dosh note 113) quotes Tosfot Ketubot 6a s.v. Hay who holds that squeezing a liquid from a cloth is also considered Mefarek.
  4. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 325)
  5. Rama end of 321, Chaye Adam 14:1, 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 323-4)
  6. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 327-8) writes that according to some opinions it's forbidden. However, Halachos of Shabbat (Rabbi Eider, chap 8, pg 95) writes that it's forbidden (and bases it on the Maharsham 320:83).
  7. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 324-5)
  8. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 325-6)
  9. 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 326)
  10. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:1,2. Squeezing a liquid out of a solid (Sechita) is Mefarek which is a Toldah of the Melacha of Dash (Iglei Tal, Dash #8, Mishna Brurah 320:1).
    • S"A 320:1 writes that it's forbidden to squeeze olives and grapes and the juice which flows from them by itself is forbidden for consumption, however, berries and pomegranates even though they are forbidden to be squeezed the juices from them that flow by itself are permissible if the fruit was meant to be eaten and not be squeezed for the juice, lastly, all other fruit is permissible to squeeze. The Rama 320:1 explains that in places where it's normal to squeeze certain fruits for it's juices it is also forbidden to squeeze like berries and pomegranates; in other words, the Rama 320:1 holds that a fruit's usage is based on the place one is residing. Mishna Brurah 320:5 explains that squeezing berries and pomegranates is forbidden rabbinically because some people squeeze them for the juice like grapes and olives. However, all other fruit in the days of Shulchan Aruch weren't squeezed for juice but rather were eaten and so it would be permissible because the fruit if considered like a solid and extracting one solid from another is permissible.
    • Therefore, the Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (chap 5 note 4) writes that nowadays that it is common to squeeze all fruit for the juice it's forbidden to squeeze any fruit on Shabbat. On the other hand, 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 2, pg 328) lists certain fruits which are rabbinically prohibited to squeeze includes oranges, lemons, grapefruits, apples, pineapples, cherries, strawberries, peaches, plums, pomegranates, and tomatoes. Similarly, Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat, vol 3, 343 and 491) delineates certain fruits which are squeezed for the juices in some places such as grapes, olives, berries, pomegranates, apples, grapefruits, pears, mangoes, tangerines, and pineapples would be forbidden to squeeze on Shabbat, however, fruits which are not squeezed anywhere such as quince or watermelon one may squeeze it on Shabbat. Yalkut Yosef (pg 344) adds that even when it's permissible to squeeze a fruit it may only be done by hand and not with a juicer (tool).
  11. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:5
  12. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:3,7, 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 345)
  13. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:11
  14. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:5,6, 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 346). Although the Shulchan Aruch 320:6 states that one may squeeze a lemon on Shabbat, the Mishna Brurah 320:22 explains that the reason for the leniency doesn't apply today. Kitzur S"A 80:12 writes that its forbidden to squeeze lemons to make lemonade.
  15. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:2
  16. 39 Mleachos (vol 2, pg 340)
  17. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:8, 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 341), Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat vol 3 pg 350)
  18. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 342)
  19. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 342)
  20. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:10, 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 339). Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat vol 3 pg 248) and Halichot Olam (vol 4 pg 106) permit even regarding grapes but add that it's a proper practice to refrain.
  21. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:9
  22. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:12, Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat, vol 3, pg 345), 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 340), Rabbi Mansour on Dailyhalacha.com
  23. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 341), Rabbi Mansour on Dailyhalacha.com
  24. S"A 320:4
  25. Mishnah Berura 320:17
  26. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:4
  27. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:10
  28. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 5:11
  29. S"A 320:12, 18, 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 347)
  30. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 348)
  31. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 354)
  32. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 348-9)
  33. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 349)
  34. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 349-50)
  35. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 354)
  36. Mishna Brurah 326:25
  37. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)
  38. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)
  39. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 372)
  40. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 371)
  41. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 350-1)
  42. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 351)
  43. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 355)
  44. [Rabbi Mansour on Dailyhalacha.com
  45. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 353)
  46. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 351)
  47. 39 Melachos (vol 2, pg 356)