The Shechitah Knife

From Halachipedia

What Materials Can Be Used for Shechitah

  1. Technically, anything that is detached from the ground and sharp can be used for kosher slaughter, as long as it's free of imperfections. A reed membrane would be good if it doesn't have any splinters that would come out. Practically, however, this is exclusively done with a knife.[1]
  2. One shouldn't use a scythe or even a double edged knife if one side of it is a scythe. Bediavad if he did it and knows he used the kosher side, it's ok, and if he smoothened out the scythe side then he can use it lechatechilah.[2]

Invalidating Factors

  1. A knife cannot have any nicks in it or be used previously with non-Kosher food or for idolatry. It must not be glowing hot or attached to something else. See Knives That Cannot Be Used for Shechitah for details.

Crafting a Shechitah Knife

Modern day shechitah knives are commonly rectangularly shaped to facilitate shechitah without issues of chaladah and derasa and made with easy to sharpen steel that maintains its edge to minimize pegimot.

Chalef with Blue Bone Handle, image courtesy of Laevi Sussman,
Chalef with Blue Bone Handle, image courtesy of Laevi Sussman,
  1. One should use a knife that ends in a right angle, not a sharp point, in order to avoid chaladah. In pressing circumstances, can can cover the tip with something light and then shecht (a hard tip cover could lead to derasa).[3]
  2. Some say the top of the knife should also be void of pegimot,[4] in case one ends up cutting with the top, while others note how the rectangular knives we use today avoid this issue.[5]
  3. The ideal shechitah knife is twice as long as the neck of the target category;[6] therefore, bird (ofos) knives are usually about five inches long, sheep (dakos) knives are usually nine inches long, and cattle (gasos) knives are usually about sixteen inches long.[7]
  4. The instrument used to shecht should preferably be as smooth as possible on both sides. Therefore, although engravings in the blade far from the edge do not render the shechitah invalid, but one should ideally use a knife free of any engravings. Anything sticking out of the side would be a problem even bediavad despite being far from the edge.[8]

Sharpening a Shechitah Knife

Sharpening a knife is done by grinding the edge against coarse and then fine whetstones, back and forth, one side and then the other, until the knife is sharp and smooth.

Checking a Shechitah Knife

The Need to Check

  1. Shechting with a knife that has a nick renders the animal a Nevelah Min HaTorah, as it tears the simanim. Therefore, the Shochet must check his knife before slaughter. A knife cannot be presumed to be free of nicks.[9]
  2. One cannot shecht first and check later for three reasons: he may ultimately forget to check, the recitation of the beracha will be potentially in vain, and one may be mutilating an animal for no reason, which is prohibited.[10]
  3. Taking extra care to guard the knife from nicks is not satisfactory justification to assume it is nick free and not check prior to the next shechitah, due to the fragility of the blade edge. One may only be lenient in extreme circumstances.[11]
  4. Nevertheless, if one did shecht with a random knife and, upon checking afterwards, it was found to be fine, the meat is kosher.[12]


Purchasing a Knife


  1. Simla Chadasha 6:1
  2. Simla Chadasha 6:2
  3. Simla Chadasha 6:4
  4. Simla Chadasha 6:4
  5. Mateh Asher 6:5
  6. See Simla Chadasha 8:2 and [The Shechitah Process] for more details.
  7. See IBC Experiential Halacha: Chicken Shechita
  8. Simla Chadasha 9:2
  9. Simla Chadasha 18:1
  10. Simla Chadasha 18:1
  11. Simla Chadasha 18:1
  12. Simla Chadasha 18:1
Category Topics
Bishul Akum - Checking for Bugs - Gelatin - Kosher Food without Kosher Supervision - Kosher Food Packaging for Deliveries - Kosher Food Left with a Non-Jew - Koshering a Kitchen - Kashering for Pesach - Kosher in the Workplace - Medications - Pat Palter - Selling Non-Kosher Foods - Serving Guests - Sharp Foods - Shechitah (Kosher Slaughter) - Tevilat Keilim - Tzaar Baalei Chayim - Yashan
Meat and Milk
Dairy Bread - Eating Dairy and Meat at the Same Table - Kosher Cheese - Kosher Milk (Chalav Yisrael) - Milk and Meat in the Kitchen - Non-Dairy Milk - Waiting between Meat and Milk
Principles of Kashrut
Items That Cannot Be Nullified - Transferring Taste - Nullification - Zeh Vzeh Gorem - Trusting Others for Kashrut
Shechitah_(Kosher_Slaughter) - Who_Can_Be_a_Shochet - The_Shechitah_Knife - Modern_Day_Industrial_Shechitah - Glatt Kosher Meat - Kashering Meat