Sefarim HaChitzonim

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Masechet Semachot, Sofrim, and others

  1. Tosafot in a number of places writes how with respect to some Halachot, they follow Sefarim Chitzonim, such as Masechet Semachot and Masechet Sofrim, which were compiled later on, against the Talmud. They're called Chitzonim, according to the Bach[1] because they are external to the Gemara, or, according to the Chidah, because they're even further removed from the Baraitot, which are already "outside," as their name suggests.[2] Some say the Girsaot are also enigmatic.[3]


  1. Bach Yoreh De'ah 178:2
  2. Shem HaGedolim (Sefarim, Samech 65)
  3. There's a debate if the Gemara quoting Baraitot that appear in Masechet Sofrim means the Gemara is quoting from Masechet Soferim or the other way around. Some say these Sefarim have no actual Derashot, just Asmachtot. Yad Malachi (Klalei Shnei HaTalmudim 12) See Matnat Yado ad loc at length. See Ein Zocher (Samech 31), Birkei Yosef (Orach Chaim 581:7), Shem HaGedolim (Sefarim, Samech 31), Sdei Chemed Klalei HaPoskim 2:3.