Difference between revisions of "Aveilut on Shabbat"

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How does Aveilut apply on Shabbat? (Regarding [[Aveilut on Yom Tov]] please the specific page.)
 
How does Aveilut apply on Shabbat? (Regarding [[Aveilut on Yom Tov]] please the specific page.)
 
==General==
 
==General==
# The private practices of shiva continue on Shabbat include the prohibition of tashmish. Since learning Torah is private one shouldn't learn Torah on Shabbat if one is in mourning but one may learn the Shenayim Mikra and Echad Targum.<ref>Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 219:1</ref>  
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# The private practices of shiva continue on Shabbat include the prohibition of tashmish, learning Torah, and bathing. <ref>Shulchan Aruch YD 400:1, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 219:1</ref>
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# Since learning Torah is private one shouldn't learn Torah on Shabbat if one is in mourning but one may learn the Shenayim Mikra and Echad Targum.<ref>Shulchan Aruch YD 400:1, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 219:1</ref>
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# Public practices of aveilut don't apply on Shabbat and these including wearing leather shoes and wearing a torn garment. Two others which aren't applicable today are removing a head-covering that covers one's face partially and turning the beds right-side up.<ref>Shulchan Aruch YD 400:1</ref> If the practice is for a mourner to turn his hat downward during shiva then on Shabbat he shouldn't do so.<ref>Shach 400:2</ref>
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==Leaving the House==
 
==Leaving the House==
 
# The minhag is that the mourner goes to shul on Shabbat.<ref>The Raavad (cited by Tur 393:3) and Kol Bo (114, cited by Bet Yosef 393:4) held that a mourner doesn't leave his house the week of shiva including Shabbat. The Ramban (p. 217, cited by Bet Yosef) and Rosh (Moed Katan 3:46) disagree and write that the minhag was to go to shul on Shabbat. Shulchan Aruch 393:3 follows the Ramban and Rosh that an avel can leave the house on Shabbat. Rama agrees.</ref>
 
# The minhag is that the mourner goes to shul on Shabbat.<ref>The Raavad (cited by Tur 393:3) and Kol Bo (114, cited by Bet Yosef 393:4) held that a mourner doesn't leave his house the week of shiva including Shabbat. The Ramban (p. 217, cited by Bet Yosef) and Rosh (Moed Katan 3:46) disagree and write that the minhag was to go to shul on Shabbat. Shulchan Aruch 393:3 follows the Ramban and Rosh that an avel can leave the house on Shabbat. Rama agrees.</ref>

Revision as of 02:43, 10 July 2017

How does Aveilut apply on Shabbat? (Regarding Aveilut on Yom Tov please the specific page.)

General

  1. The private practices of shiva continue on Shabbat include the prohibition of tashmish, learning Torah, and bathing. [1]
  2. Since learning Torah is private one shouldn't learn Torah on Shabbat if one is in mourning but one may learn the Shenayim Mikra and Echad Targum.[2]
  3. Public practices of aveilut don't apply on Shabbat and these including wearing leather shoes and wearing a torn garment. Two others which aren't applicable today are removing a head-covering that covers one's face partially and turning the beds right-side up.[3] If the practice is for a mourner to turn his hat downward during shiva then on Shabbat he shouldn't do so.[4]

Leaving the House

  1. The minhag is that the mourner goes to shul on Shabbat.[5]

Learning Torah and Getting Aliyot

  1. An avel shouldn't get an aliyah even on Shabbat.[6] On Shabbat if they already called him up for an aliyah he should take it since refraining from taking it would be a public sign of mourning on Shabbat.[7]
  2. Where the minhag is to give an aliyah to the father of a baby, if he had a baby when he was in shiva, he can get an aliyah on Shabbat otherwise it would considered a public display of mourning.[8]
  3. It is permitted for an avel during shiva to learn Shenayim Mikra on Shabbat since it is like kriyat shema since it is an obligation upon him.[9] If he doesn't do targum he can do Rashi instead.[10]

Davening

  1. It is permitted for the avel to say kabbalat shabbat normally including lechu niranena, shir hashirim, kegavna, mizmor ldovid hashem roey, each community according to its minhag, besides for bameh madlikin which the avel should skip and say tehillim instead.[11]
  2. It is permitted for an avel to say shalom aleichem and eshet chayil on Friday night.[12]

Sources

  1. Shulchan Aruch YD 400:1, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 219:1
  2. Shulchan Aruch YD 400:1, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 219:1
  3. Shulchan Aruch YD 400:1
  4. Shach 400:2
  5. The Raavad (cited by Tur 393:3) and Kol Bo (114, cited by Bet Yosef 393:4) held that a mourner doesn't leave his house the week of shiva including Shabbat. The Ramban (p. 217, cited by Bet Yosef) and Rosh (Moed Katan 3:46) disagree and write that the minhag was to go to shul on Shabbat. Shulchan Aruch 393:3 follows the Ramban and Rosh that an avel can leave the house on Shabbat. Rama agrees.
  6. Shulchan Aruch 400:1, Badei Hashulchan biurim 400:1 s.v. sh'im
  7. Shulchan Aruch YD 400:1
  8. Chazon Ovadia (Aveilut v. 2, p. 232) based on Shulchan Aruch 400:1
  9. Shulchan Aruch YD 400:1
  10. Badei Hashulchan 400:15
  11. Badei Hashulchan 400:16
  12. Badei Hashulchan 400:16. He has a doubt if it is permitted for them to sing it or any other zemer.