Yom Kippur

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Erev Yom Kippur

  1. It is a mitzvah to eat and drink on Erev Yom Kippur and one should even lessen one's learning and work in order to eat more on Erev Yom Kippur. [1]
  2. This mitzvah primarily applies during the day of Erev Yom Kippur and not the night of Erev Yom Kippur. [2]
  3. Preferably one should amke at least one bread meal on Erev Yom Kippur. [3]

Shabbat Shuva

  1. The minhag is for the Rabbi of the community to give a Drasha on Shabbat Shuva about Hilchot Yom Kippur and Sukkot as well as inspiration for Teshuva. [4]

Yom Kippur night prayers

  1. If a congregation didn’t say Kol Nidrei until after nightfall of Yom Kippur the congregation may say it. [5]

Yom Kippur morning prayers

  1. It’s preferable to minimize in piyutim and selichot in order to start Mussaf before six and half hours. [6] However, if one did wait until after six and a half hours one should say Mussaf first and then Mincha unless nine and a half hours passed in which case Mincha should go first. [7]
  2. Some have the minhag to add Piyutim even during the Brachot Kriyat Shema, however, it’s preferable not to add Piyutim there. [8]
  3. The Minhag is to add Piyutim which are relevant to the purpose of the day. However, one shouldn’t add so many not to delay saying Shema in its proper time. [9]
  4. There’s different minhag as whether to say the first פסוק of Mizmor Shel Yom HaShabbat on Yom Tov and Yom Kippur. [10]
  5. A Talmid Chacham should not separate himself to learn Torah while the congregation is praying or saying selichot. [11]
  6. It’s preferable to say less Piyutim slowly instead of saying many Piyutim quickly. [12]
  7. One should sure to say at least ten Vidduy’s (confessions) on Yom Kippur. [13]The Minhag is to count one from Mincha of Erev Yom Kippur, one from Arvit of the night, four from the four prayers during the day and four from the four Chazarat HaShatz’s. [14]

References

  1. Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S"A 604:1)
  2. Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S"A 604:2)
  3. Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S"A 604:3)
  4. Mishna Brurah 429:2
  5. BeYitzchak Yikra on S”A 306:12 because it’s a need for the congregation even though one usually can’t do Hatarat Nedarim on Shabbat (S”A 341:1).
  6. S”A 620:1 writes one should minimize piyutim and selichot in order to finish Mussaf by the end of the seventh hour. Even though some achronim explain S”A simply that one should start Mussaf by the beginning of the seventh hour (midday), many achronim say that the term S”A used wasn’t precise and really he means the time of mincha which is six and a half hours. That is the opinion of Mishna Brurah 620:2 and Yalkut Yosef (Moadim pg 104). Mishna Brurah 620:1 says that if it is the end of the sixth hour one may skip Avinu Malkenu in order to say Mussaf by the end of the seventh hour.
  7. Mishna Brurah 620:2 rules like the opinion of the Ri quoted by S”A 286:4 (see Mussaf page for lengthy explanation).
  8. Kaf HaChaim 620:1
  9. Kaf HaChaim 620:1
  10. Kaf HaChaim 620:2
  11. Kaf HaChaim 620:3
  12. Kaf HaChaim 620:4
  13. Mishna Brurah 620:3
  14. See Kaf HaChaim 620:5