Difference between revisions of "Working on Friday Afternoon"

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==Working Friday Afternoon==
 
==Working Friday Afternoon==
One should not work on Friday afternoon past the time for Mincha. It is debated whether this means 6.5 halachic hours after sunrise ([[Reference of Measurements in Halacha#Mincha Gedola|Mincha Gedola]]) or 9.5 halachic hours after sunrise ([[Reference of Measurements in Halacha#Mincha Ketana|Mincha Ketana]]). The reason is debated as well; one opinion holds that it's because we want to prevent one from transgressing the laws of Shabbos if he runs too late, and the other opinion says the reason is to leave time to prepare for Shabbos. While there are various leniencies (mentioned below), a G-d fearing person should do his best to abide by this law. One who unrightfully does not abide by this law will not gain from the work that he does after the time for Mincha.
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One should not work on Friday afternoon past the time for Mincha. It is debated whether this means 6.5 halachic hours after sunrise ([[Reference of Measurements in Halacha#Mincha Gedola|Mincha Gedola]]) or 9.5 halachic hours after sunrise ([[Reference of Measurements in Halacha#Mincha Ketana|Mincha Ketana]])<ref>Aruch HaShulchan 251:1</ref>. The reason is debated as well; one opinion holds that it's because we want to prevent one from transgressing the laws of Shabbos if he runs too late, and the other opinion says the reason is to leave time to prepare for Shabbos. While there are various leniencies (mentioned below), a G-d fearing person should do his best to abide by this law and it will do him well <ref>Aruch HaShulchan 251:4</ref>. One who unrightfully does not abide by this law will not gain from the work that he does after the time for Mincha.
  
 
==Leaving with Time to Prepare for Shabbat==
 
==Leaving with Time to Prepare for Shabbat==
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===Others are Preparing for Shabbos===
 
===Others are Preparing for Shabbos===
  
#Some say that if others are taking care of the Shabbos preparations, one is allowed to work past the time for Mincha. There are those who say that this leniency does not apply past [[Reference of Measurements in Halacha#Mincha Ketana|Mincha Ketana]] (even if other leniencies do).
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#Some say that if others are taking care of the Shabbos preparations, one is allowed to work past the time for Mincha<ref name=":1">The Aruch HaShulchan 251:4 quotes this reason but advises against relying on it.</ref>. There are those who say that this leniency does not apply past [[Reference of Measurements in Halacha#Mincha Ketana|Mincha Ketana]] (even if other leniencies do).
  
 
==Lenient Opinions==
 
==Lenient Opinions==
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===Salaried Workers===
 
===Salaried Workers===
  
#Some hold that the law of not being able to work past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon only applies to bosses, but employees (salaried workers who do not have flexibility with their hours) can continue working past the time for Mincha.
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#Some hold that the law of not being able to work past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon only applies to bosses, but employees (salaried workers who do not have flexibility with their hours) can continue working past the time for Mincha<ref name=":1" />.
  
===Unscheduled Work===
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===Occasional Unscheduled Work===
  
#While one may not partake in scheduled meetings, conference calls, or the like after the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon, one may make an unscheduled business phone call, send an unscheduled business email, and the like.
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#While one may not partake in scheduled meetings, conference calls, or the like after the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon, one may make an unscheduled business phone call, send an unscheduled business email, and the like<ref name=":0">Aruch HaShulchan 251:2</ref>.
  
 
===Financial Loss===
 
===Financial Loss===
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===<u>Finishing</u> a Job Under Compelling Circumstances===
 
===<u>Finishing</u> a Job Under Compelling Circumstances===
  
#Some hold that the law of not being able to work past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon only applies to working on <u>new</u> assignments, but finishing up existing assignments is permitted.
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#Some hold that the law of not being able to work past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon only applies to working on <u>new</u> assignments, but finishing up existing assignments is permitted<ref name=":1" />.
  
 
===Transacting "Business" as Opposed to "Work"===
 
===Transacting "Business" as Opposed to "Work"===
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===Needed for Shabbos===
 
===Needed for Shabbos===
  
#Work done for Shabbos needs, such as fixing a button or pot, is even permitted past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon. This is true even if the work is done for somebody else's Shabbos needs, but only if one is not being paid for the work done (which would be proper indication that the work is really being done for Shabbos needs).
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#Work done for Shabbos needs, such as fixing a button or pot, is even permitted past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon. This is true even if the work is done for somebody else's Shabbos needs, but only if one is not being paid for the work done (which would be proper indication that the work is really being done for Shabbos needs)<ref name=":0" />.
  
 
===Retail Selling and Keeping Stores Open===
 
===Retail Selling and Keeping Stores Open===
  
#Some say that since retail selling and keeping stores open are not very strenuous, they are not really considered work and are therefore permitted after the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon. A Jew, however, does not have permission to buy past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon (unless it's for something required for Shabbos).
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#Some say that since retail selling and keeping stores open are not very strenuous, they are not really considered work and are therefore permitted after the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon<ref name=":0" />. A Jew, however, does not have permission to buy past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon (unless it's for something required for Shabbos).
  
 
===Making Extra Money for Shabbos===
 
===Making Extra Money for Shabbos===
  
#If one is poor and needs to make money after Mincha on Friday afternoon in order to support oneself, one is permitted to work then.
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#A poor person who needs to make money after Mincha on Friday afternoon in order to glorify Shabbos is permitted to work to do so<ref name=":0" />.
  
 
==The Ideal Situation==
 
==The Ideal Situation==

Revision as of 20:52, 10 July 2019

Businessman Rushing.png

Working Friday Afternoon

One should not work on Friday afternoon past the time for Mincha. It is debated whether this means 6.5 halachic hours after sunrise (Mincha Gedola) or 9.5 halachic hours after sunrise (Mincha Ketana)[1]. The reason is debated as well; one opinion holds that it's because we want to prevent one from transgressing the laws of Shabbos if he runs too late, and the other opinion says the reason is to leave time to prepare for Shabbos. While there are various leniencies (mentioned below), a G-d fearing person should do his best to abide by this law and it will do him well [2]. One who unrightfully does not abide by this law will not gain from the work that he does after the time for Mincha.

Leaving with Time to Prepare for Shabbat

Others are Preparing for Shabbos

  1. Some say that if others are taking care of the Shabbos preparations, one is allowed to work past the time for Mincha[3]. There are those who say that this leniency does not apply past Mincha Ketana (even if other leniencies do).

Lenient Opinions

Salaried Workers

  1. Some hold that the law of not being able to work past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon only applies to bosses, but employees (salaried workers who do not have flexibility with their hours) can continue working past the time for Mincha[3].

Occasional Unscheduled Work

  1. While one may not partake in scheduled meetings, conference calls, or the like after the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon, one may make an unscheduled business phone call, send an unscheduled business email, and the like[4].

Financial Loss

  1. The laws of Friday afternoon are not more stringent than the laws of Chol HaMoed. Therefore, if missing work on Friday afternoon would cause one to undergo a great financial loss, it's permitted to work then, just as it would be on Chol HaMoed.

Finishing a Job Under Compelling Circumstances

  1. Some hold that the law of not being able to work past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon only applies to working on new assignments, but finishing up existing assignments is permitted[3].

Transacting "Business" as Opposed to "Work"

Needed for Shabbos

  1. Work done for Shabbos needs, such as fixing a button or pot, is even permitted past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon. This is true even if the work is done for somebody else's Shabbos needs, but only if one is not being paid for the work done (which would be proper indication that the work is really being done for Shabbos needs)[4].

Retail Selling and Keeping Stores Open

  1. Some say that since retail selling and keeping stores open are not very strenuous, they are not really considered work and are therefore permitted after the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon[4]. A Jew, however, does not have permission to buy past the time for Mincha on Friday afternoon (unless it's for something required for Shabbos).

Making Extra Money for Shabbos

  1. A poor person who needs to make money after Mincha on Friday afternoon in order to glorify Shabbos is permitted to work to do so[4].

The Ideal Situation

Telling The Boss

Links

Sources

  1. Aruch HaShulchan 251:1
  2. Aruch HaShulchan 251:4
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The Aruch HaShulchan 251:4 quotes this reason but advises against relying on it.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Aruch HaShulchan 251:2