Tzoveya

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One of the 39 Melachot on Shabbat is dyeing. The primary prohibition is to color a material with dyes, while the Toldah is to create a liquid dye. [1]

Foods

  1. There's no prohibition of dyeing foods on Shabbat[2] even if one intended on dyeing the food. [3]
  2. However, dyeing liquor or honey in order that it is more marketable is forbidden because of dyeing besides for performing a weekday activity on Shabbat (Uvda DeChol).[4] Additionally, put dyes in water and leaving it in the sun in order to make dye is a Biblical prohibition.[5]

Liquids

  1. Since there's no prohibition of dyeing foods, it is permitted to pour red wine into white wine on Shabbat. [6]
  2. Some permit adding coloring to a liquid if the liquid only becomes weakly colored (not concentrated) and wouldn't be fit to dye something else. [7]
  3. It is permitted to use a toilet that has a colored soap that colors the incoming water when flushed. [8]

Sources

  1. Rambam (Shabbat 9:13-4)
  2. S"A 320:19
  3. Mishna Brurah 320:56
  4. Mishna Brurah 320:56
  5. Mishna Brurah 320:56
  6. Mishna Brurah 320:56
  7. Or Letzion (v. 1, Siman 29), Kesot HaShulchan (Badei HaShulchan 146:14)
  8. Or Letzion (v. 1, Siman 29) permitted to use a toilet that has a colored soap that colors the incoming water when flushed for 4 reasons. (1) The waters don't become a dye, but rather are weakly colored. (2) The dyes aren't permanent and are usually flushed away. (3) One doesn't intend to dye the water. (4) It is a Pesik Reisha DeLo Nicha Leh on a Derabbanan and its Koach Sheni.