Difference between revisions of "Tikkun Chatzot"

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== Is it an obligation? Who is obligated?==
 
== Is it an obligation? Who is obligated?==
# In order to feel pain over the churban slightly before Chatzot every night one should say Tikkun Chatzot. <Ref>S”A 1:3, Mishna Brurah 1:9 </ref> However, the minhag is not to say TIkkun Chatzot and some achronim justify the minhag, nonetheless it’s praiseworthy to say it from tiemt to time. <Ref>Piskei Teshuvot 1:10 </ref>
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# In order to feel pain over the churban slightly before Chatzot every night one should say Tikkun Chatzot. <Ref>S”A 1:3, Mishna Brurah 1:9 </ref> However, the minhag is not to say Tikkun Chatzot and some achronim justify the minhag, nonetheless it’s praiseworthy to say it from time to time. <Ref>Piskei Teshuvot 1:10. Yavetz in Mor UKesiah (Siman 1) writes that the obligation only applies to Torah scholars and in Israel. The Chida in Machzik Bracha 1:3 argues that it applies to all people in all places. </ref>
# Yavetz in Mor UKesiah (Siman 1) writes that the obligation only applies to Torah scholars and in Israel. The Chida in Machzik Bracha 1:3 argues that it applies to all people in all places.  
 
  
 
==The feelings one should feel==
 
==The feelings one should feel==
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# The Minhag is to place ashes on one's head in the area where the Tefilin Shel Rosh is placed. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 161) </ref>
 
# The Minhag is to place ashes on one's head in the area where the Tefilin Shel Rosh is placed. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 161) </ref>
 
# Another practice is to not to wear shoes during Tikkun Chatzot. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 161) </ref>
 
# Another practice is to not to wear shoes during Tikkun Chatzot. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 161) </ref>
# Some had the practice to say Tikkun Chatzot communally in shul, even though some oppose the practice, it has what to rely on and has it's benefits. <ref> Sh"t Shevut Yacov writes that the practice of some groups to get together to say TIkkun Chatzot at night in Shul was inappropriate because it displayed arrogance as Tikkun Chatzot is something only a minority of people keep. However, Chida in Birkei Yosef 1:3 and Mishna Brurah 1:9 argue on the Shevut Yacov because it's preferable to pray as a community as it says "BeRov Am Hadrat Melech". </ref>  
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# Some had the practice to say Tikkun Chatzot communally in shul. Even though some oppose the practice, it has what to rely on and has it's benefits. <ref> Sh"t Shevut Yacov writes that the practice of some groups to get together to say Tikkun Chatzot at night in Shul was inappropriate because it displayed arrogance as Tikkun Chatzot is something only a minority of people keep. However, Chida in Birkei Yosef 1:3 and Mishna Brurah 1:9 argue on the Shevut Yacov because it's preferable to pray as a community as it says "BeRov Am Hadrat Melech". </ref>  
  
 
==When should Tikkun Chatzot be said?==
 
==When should Tikkun Chatzot be said?==
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==On what days is it not said?==
 
==On what days is it not said?==
# On the following nights no Tikkun Chatzot is said: [[Shabbat]], <ref> Shaarei Tzion (beginning of sefer) writes that one does say Tikkun Leah on [[Shabbat]], nonetheless, most achronim rule otherwise including the Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach 7), Kaf HaChaim 1:13, and Halacha Brurah 1:8. </ref> Rosh HaShana, [[Yom Kippur]],Pesach ([[Yom Tov]] and Chol HaMoed),Shavuot, Sukkot (just [[Yom Tov]]), and Shemini Aseret. <ref> Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach 7), Kaf HaChaim 1:13, and Halacha Brurah 1:8 quote this list of days that there's no Tikkun Chatzot. Of course one doesn't say Tikkun Chatzot on [[Yom Tov]] Sheni Shel Galiyot just like the first day [[Yom Tov]]. However, Chesed LaAlafim 1:2, and Kaf HaChaim Palagi 3:34 write that one does say Tikkun Leah on [[Yom Tov]]. </ref>
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# On the following nights no Tikkun Chatzot is said: [[Shabbat]], <ref> Shaarei Tzion (beginning of sefer) writes that one does say Tikkun Leah on [[Shabbat]], nonetheless, most achronim rule otherwise including the Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach 7), Kaf HaChaim 1:13, and Halacha Brurah 1:8. </ref> [[Rosh HaShana]], [[Yom Kippur]], [[Pesach]] ([[Yom Tov]] and [[Chol HaMoed]]), [[Shavuot]], [[Sukkot]] (just [[Yom Tov]]), and [[Shemini Aseret]]. <ref> Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach 7), Kaf HaChaim 1:13, and Halacha Brurah 1:8 quote this list of days that there's no Tikkun Chatzot. Of course one doesn't say Tikkun Chatzot on [[Yom Tov]] Sheni Shel Galiyot just like the first day [[Yom Tov]]. However, Chesed LaAlafim 1:2, and Kaf HaChaim Palagi 3:34 write that one does say Tikkun Leah on [[Yom Tov]]. </ref>
 
# On the following nights no Tikkun Rachel is said, but Tikkun Leah is still said: days when there's no Tachanun, Chol HaMoad Sukkot, Asert Yemei Teshuva, year of Shemittah in Israel, day after the Molad before Rosh Chodesh, <ref> Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11, Halacha Brurah 1:9 write that the night of the day of the molad has only Tikkun Leah even if it's not the day of Rosh Chodesh itself. For example, Rosh Chodesh Sivan 5770 falls out on Friday May 14th 2010 and the molad falls out on Thursday May 13th 2010. If the Molad and Rosh Chodesh coincide then there's no Tikkun Rachel because there's no Tachanun on Rosh Chodesh. </ref> and days of Sefirat HaOmer. <ref> Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11, and Halacha Brurah 1:9 </ref>
 
# On the following nights no Tikkun Rachel is said, but Tikkun Leah is still said: days when there's no Tachanun, Chol HaMoad Sukkot, Asert Yemei Teshuva, year of Shemittah in Israel, day after the Molad before Rosh Chodesh, <ref> Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11, Halacha Brurah 1:9 write that the night of the day of the molad has only Tikkun Leah even if it's not the day of Rosh Chodesh itself. For example, Rosh Chodesh Sivan 5770 falls out on Friday May 14th 2010 and the molad falls out on Thursday May 13th 2010. If the Molad and Rosh Chodesh coincide then there's no Tikkun Rachel because there's no Tachanun on Rosh Chodesh. </ref> and days of Sefirat HaOmer. <ref> Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11, and Halacha Brurah 1:9 </ref>
 
# In the following cases no Tikkun Rachel is said: at a mourner's house, the house of a groom, and the father, Tzandak (holder of the baby), Mohel of a Brit Milah. <ref> Kaf HaChaim Palagi 3:35, Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11 </ref>
 
# In the following cases no Tikkun Rachel is said: at a mourner's house, the house of a groom, and the father, Tzandak (holder of the baby), Mohel of a Brit Milah. <ref> Kaf HaChaim Palagi 3:35, Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11 </ref>

Revision as of 05:36, 8 March 2012

Is it an obligation? Who is obligated?

  1. In order to feel pain over the churban slightly before Chatzot every night one should say Tikkun Chatzot. [1] However, the minhag is not to say Tikkun Chatzot and some achronim justify the minhag, nonetheless it’s praiseworthy to say it from time to time. [2]

The feelings one should feel

  1. One should be pained over the destruction of the Temple. [3]

Relevative Precedence

  1. If one only has time for Tikkun Chatzot and Selichot, one should say Tikkun Chatzot. [4]
  2. If one only has time for Tikkun Chatzot and learning torah, one should say Tikkun Chatzot. [5]

How should it be said?

  1. It is the practice to say Tikkun Chatzot while sitting on the floor near the doorpost witth the mezuzah. One shouldn't sit directly on the ground rather one should sit on a cloth, pillow or small bench. If the floor is tiled one can be lenient to sit directly on the floor. [6]
  2. The Minhag is to place ashes on one's head in the area where the Tefilin Shel Rosh is placed. [7]
  3. Another practice is to not to wear shoes during Tikkun Chatzot. [8]
  4. Some had the practice to say Tikkun Chatzot communally in shul. Even though some oppose the practice, it has what to rely on and has it's benefits. [9]

When should Tikkun Chatzot be said?

  1. Ashkenazim hold that it should be said right before Chatzot and then one should learn from Chatzot until morning when one can pray. [10] However, Sephardim hold that it should be said at Chatzot of night or afterwards until Olot HaShachar. [11]
  2. On shouldn't say Tikkun Chatzot after Olot HaShachar. However one can be lenient to say Tikkun Leah after Olot HaShachar. [12]
  3. Women may say Tikkun Chatzot. [13]
  4. During the three weeks (Ben HaMetzarim), Tikkun Chatzot should be said after Chatzot of the day. [14]

On what days is it not said?

  1. On the following nights no Tikkun Chatzot is said: Shabbat, [15] Rosh HaShana, Yom Kippur, Pesach (Yom Tov and Chol HaMoed), Shavuot, Sukkot (just Yom Tov), and Shemini Aseret. [16]
  2. On the following nights no Tikkun Rachel is said, but Tikkun Leah is still said: days when there's no Tachanun, Chol HaMoad Sukkot, Asert Yemei Teshuva, year of Shemittah in Israel, day after the Molad before Rosh Chodesh, [17] and days of Sefirat HaOmer. [18]
  3. In the following cases no Tikkun Rachel is said: at a mourner's house, the house of a groom, and the father, Tzandak (holder of the baby), Mohel of a Brit Milah. [19]

What texts should be said?

A free copy of the text can be found at https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http://www.briskodesh.org/PDF/tikkun-chatzos.pdf

References

  1. S”A 1:3, Mishna Brurah 1:9
  2. Piskei Teshuvot 1:10. Yavetz in Mor UKesiah (Siman 1) writes that the obligation only applies to Torah scholars and in Israel. The Chida in Machzik Bracha 1:3 argues that it applies to all people in all places.
  3. S"A 1:3 based on the Rosh (Brachot 3b).
  4. Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach 9), Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 191) Rav Mordechai Eliyahu (Maamer Mordechai 34:6).
  5. Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach 9), Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 174) and Rav Mordechai Eliyahu (Maamer Mordechai 34:6).
  6. Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 161)
  7. Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 161)
  8. Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 161)
  9. Sh"t Shevut Yacov writes that the practice of some groups to get together to say Tikkun Chatzot at night in Shul was inappropriate because it displayed arrogance as Tikkun Chatzot is something only a minority of people keep. However, Chida in Birkei Yosef 1:3 and Mishna Brurah 1:9 argue on the Shevut Yacov because it's preferable to pray as a community as it says "BeRov Am Hadrat Melech".
  10. Mikdash Melech on Zohar (Vayahakel 195c) writes the Tikkun Chatzot can be said from the second section of the night which is 2 hours (Shaot Zmaniot) before Chatzot. Shulchan Aruch HaRav rules like that. Similarly, Yeshuot Yacov 1 writes that Chatzot should be said a little before Chatzot. So rule the Malbim in Arsot HaChaim 1:31 and Mishna Brurah 1:9.
  11. Sh"t Yachave Daat 1:46 pg 135 based on the Zohar (Chaye Sara pg 132b) and Arizal (Shaar Kavanot pg 52d) that one should not say Tikkun Chatzot before Chatzot. So rules Aruch HaShulchan 1:21, Birkei Yosef 1:6, Ben Ish Chai (Vishlach 4), Yalkut Yosef (5764 edition, vol 1, pg 165), and Halacha Brurah 1:5
  12. Igret Rramaz 11 writes that one should say it before Olot HaShachar and in a Shat HaDachak one can say it after Olot. This is brought down by the Shaarei Teshuva 1:6. However, Sh"t Lev Chaim writes that one can say it until the time to put on Talit and Tefilin. Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 8 argues on this based on the language of the Arizal that one shouldn't say it after Olot. Nonetheless, Zichronot Eliyahu 400:17 and Nemukei Orach Chaim (quoted in Maasef LeKol HaMachanot 1:29) say that one can lenient regarding Tikkun Leah. So rules Rav Ovadyah in Halichot Olam 1 pg 49, and Halacha Brurah 1:6.
  13. Sh"t Rav Poalim 1:9 (Sod Yesharim), Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 6 write that women shouldn't say Tikkun Chatzot. However, Kaf HaChaim 1:15, Halichot Olam 1 pg 48, and Halacha Brurah 7 write that women are allowed to say Tikkun Chatzot. Yalkut Yosef (vol 1, pg 173) rules like the Kaf HaChaim but writes that the minhag is that women don't say Tikkun Chatzot.
  14. Kaf HaChaim 551:222. Hinted to in Mishna Brurah 551:103, see Piskei Teshuvot there.
  15. Shaarei Tzion (beginning of sefer) writes that one does say Tikkun Leah on Shabbat, nonetheless, most achronim rule otherwise including the Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach 7), Kaf HaChaim 1:13, and Halacha Brurah 1:8.
  16. Ben Ish Chai (Vayishlach 7), Kaf HaChaim 1:13, and Halacha Brurah 1:8 quote this list of days that there's no Tikkun Chatzot. Of course one doesn't say Tikkun Chatzot on Yom Tov Sheni Shel Galiyot just like the first day Yom Tov. However, Chesed LaAlafim 1:2, and Kaf HaChaim Palagi 3:34 write that one does say Tikkun Leah on Yom Tov.
  17. Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11, Halacha Brurah 1:9 write that the night of the day of the molad has only Tikkun Leah even if it's not the day of Rosh Chodesh itself. For example, Rosh Chodesh Sivan 5770 falls out on Friday May 14th 2010 and the molad falls out on Thursday May 13th 2010. If the Molad and Rosh Chodesh coincide then there's no Tikkun Rachel because there's no Tachanun on Rosh Chodesh.
  18. Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11, and Halacha Brurah 1:9
  19. Kaf HaChaim Palagi 3:35, Ben Ish Chai Vayishlach 5, Kaf HaChaim 1:11