Tevilat Keilim

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Basics

  1. Utensils used for a meal that are bought from a non-Jew require Tevilah (immersion in a kosher mivkeh). [1]
  2. Many Rishonim hold that this obligation is biblical, while some consider it only rabbinic. [2]

Which vessels require Tevilah?

  1. Metal, glass, crystal, pyrex, and duralux require Tevilah. However, plastic, nylon, earthenware, and vessels covered in earthenware do not require Tevilah. [3]
  2. Some say that porcelain requires Tevilah, [4]
  3. Plastic or wood cutting boards do not need Tevilah, but those who are strict and do Tevilah for it will be blessed. [5]

Electric appliances

  1. According to many authorities a toaster requires Tevilah with a bracha. [6]However, some argue that it doesn't require Tevilah. [7] Sephardim hold that that it requires but should be done without a bracha. [8]
  2. If the toaster will brake by being dipped in the mikvah one should either bring it to an Jewish expert mechanic who will take it apart (to the point that no everyone would know how to fix it) and put it back together or to give it to a non-Jew and then borrow it from him. [9]
  3. A sandwich-maker needs to be Toveled. [10]
  4. A blender needs Tevilah with a bracha. [11]
  5. Some say that a microwave (glass) tray which does not touch food doesn't require Tevilah, and if it does touch food then it requires Tevilah.[12] However, some say that one should dip it without a bracha in all cases. [13]

Procedure of Tevilah

  1. One should hold the vessel loosely. [14]
  2. One must immerse the entire vessel at one time and not half at a time. [15]
  3. One must make sure to sure all stickers, labels, and rust. [16]
  4. One should remove a knife from the case before immersion. [17]
  5. A child under Bar Mitzvah can only do Tevilah in the presence of an adult and he can even make the Bracha. [18]

Bracha

  1. For one vessel the Bracha is Al Tevilat Kli and for multiple vessels the Bracha is Al Tevilat Kelim. After the fact, if one switched Kli for Kelim or the opposite one has fulfilled one’s obligation. [19]

References

  1. S”A YD 120
  2. Sh”t Yechava Daat 4:64
  3. Sh”t Yabea Omer 4:8, Hilchot Tevilat Kelim (Rabbi Moshe Fariz, 2:2-3)
  4. Hilchot Tevilat Kelim (Rabbi Moshe Fariz, 2:6) explains that even though some poskim held that it wasn’t obligated that was only because they were discussing porcelain which was ceramic not covered with glass, however, nowadays the common porcelain is covered with glass and must require Tevilah. Sh”t Yabea Omer 4:8 writes that porcelain doesn’t require tevilah.
  5. Hilchot Tevilat Kelim (Rabbi Moshe Fariz, 2:2-4)
  6. Mishneh Halachot 9:162, Bear Moshe 4:100, Teshuvot VeHanhagot 1:450, Sefer Tevilat Kelim 11:52 quoting Rav Shlomo Zalman and Rav Wosner, Bayit HaYehudi 39:6, Kof-K quoting Rav Yacov Kamenetsky that such is the minhag
  7. Sh"t Igrot Moshe YD 3:24
  8. http://halachayomit.co.il/QuestionDetails.aspx?ID=160 which is based on the opinions of Rav Ovadyah Yosef
  9. http://halachayomit.co.il/QuestionDetails.aspx?ID=160, http://www.moreshet.co.il/web/shut/shut2.asp?id=118646
  10. Rabbi B. Forst http://www.kashrut.com/articles/tevilas_keilim/
  11. Bayit HaYehudi 39:6, Tevilat Kelim 11:14, Mishneh Halachot 2:32
  12. Kof-K
  13. Star-K
  14. Halichot Olam (vol 7, pg 253), Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S”A YD 120:5)
  15. Halichot Olam (vol 7, pg 253), Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S”A YD 120:5)
  16. Yalkut Yosef YD 120:6
  17. Yalkut Yosef YD 120:6
  18. Yalkut Yosef YD 120:25, Sh”t Yabea Omer 2:9(8)
  19. Yalkut Yosef YD 120:7