Template:Stroller Hood on Shabbat

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  1. It is permitted to open the hood of a baby carriage or stroller if it was attached from before Shabbat, however, if it was attached on Shabbat one may not spread it on Shabbat. Once the hood is open it is permitted to add a temporary additional roof but one should start to add to that roof from the side which is already covered (by the hood). [1]
  2. While R' Moshe Feinstein ZT"L[2] held that the hood needs to be opened one Tefach (approx. 3.75 inches) prior to Shabbos, many other Poskim[3] permitted it no matter what, claiming that there is no issue of Assiyas Ohel (making a covering).
    1. Chazon Ish OC 52:6 holds that it is permitted to open and close the roof of a baby carriage and it isn't considered like creating an ohel to protect from the sun. His reasoning is that it since it is attached to the carriage opening it is like extending a preexisting ohel. Also, it is like opening and closing a door which is built to do that. See Rama 626:3 regarding opening and closing a shlock for the sukkah and Mishna Brurah 315:27 regarding shtenders. In that piece Chazon Ish is disagreeing with the Nodeh Beyehuda OC 2:30 regarding umbrellas. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 24:13 agrees and is lenient. Rav Ovadia Yosef in Chazon Ovadia (Shabbat v. 5 p. 302) writes that one should be strict for those are strict. Yalkut Yosef 315:12 quotes those who are strict and concludes that it is proper to leave it a tefach (excluding the folded part) open before Shabbat and extend it or fold it up on Shabbat.
    2. Igros Moshe O.C. 4:105:3
    3. Chazon Ish O.C. 52:6, Be'er Moshe 6:87