Difference between revisions of "Taking Three Steps Back"

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==Before [[Shemona Esreh]]==
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==Before [[Shmoneh Esrei]]==
# It’s proper to take three steps forward before [[Shemona Esreh]] to show that one is going to do an obligatory mitzvah. The halacha doesn’t require taking three steps back, but the minhag haOlam is to take three steps back in order to take three steps forward. <Ref>Rama 95:1, Mishna Brurah 95:3, Piskei Teshuvot 95:3 </ref>
 
# If taking 3 steps back in order to take 3 steps back involves waling into the 4 amot of someone Davening, don’t take these steps back at all and just start [[Shemona Esreh]]. <Ref>Halichot Shlomo 8:33, Piskei Teshuvot 95:5 </ref>
 
==After [[Shemona Esreh]]==
 
# There’s an absolute obligation to take 3 steps back after [[Shemona Esreh]] and wait there until the Sheliach Tzibbur gets to Kedusha or at least starts Chazarat HaShas. <Ref>S”A 123:2 </ref> An individual who finishes [[Shemona Esreh]] should take take three steps back anf wait there the time it takes for the שליח Tzibbur to reach Kedusha or in extenuating circumstances at least the time it takes to walk 4 amot (3 seconds or so). If one doesn’t wait after taking the 3 steps back it appears that one didn’t take the 3 steps back really in order to depart from Hashem respectfully. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 123:11 </ref>
 
# It’s proper to take three steps forward only after waiting the proper time (subsequent to taking three steps back). <Ref>S”A 123:2, Mishna Brurah 123:8 writes that one should rush taking these the steps forward because in doing so one will loose the actual law regarding waiting in the place one took three steps back. </ref>
 
  
==References==
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#It’s proper to take three steps forward before [[Shmoneh Esrei]] to show that one is going to do an obligatory mitzvah. The halacha doesn’t require taking three steps back, but there is a widespread [[minhag]] to take three steps back in order to take three steps forward.<ref>Rama 95:1, Mishna Brurah 95:3, Piskei Teshuvot 95:3 </ref>
<references/>
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#If a person is taking his 3 steps back in order to take 3 steps forward and someone is davening within 4 [[amot]], he should not take these steps back at all and just start [[Shmoneh Esrei]].<ref>Halichot Shlomo 8:33, Piskei Teshuvot 95:5 </ref> See the [[Walking in Front of Someone Davening]] topic.
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#Some have the custom of saying "''ki shem Hashem ekra havu godel lelokeinu''" before the [[Shmoneh Esrei]] of [[Mincha]] or [[Mussaf]]. If one forgot it and already began "''Hashem sfatai tiftach''" he does not go back to say that pasuk.<ref>Sefer Meorer Yeshainim 24, Piskei Tshuvos 111:2 </ref>
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==After [[Shmoneh Esrei]]==
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#After [[Shemonei Esrei]], one should make take three steps backwards while bowing like a servant parting from his master. If one didn't do so, it is as if one didn't pray.<ref>Gemara Yoma 53b, Tur 123:1, Kaf HaChaim 123:1</ref>
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#There’s an absolute obligation to take 3 steps back after [[Shmoneh Esrei]] and wait there until the Sheliach Tzibbur gets up to [[Kedusha]] or at least starts [[Chazarat HaShas]].<ref>Shulchan Aruch O.C. 123:2. Mishna Brurah 123:8 writes that one should not rush taking these the steps forward because in doing so one will lose the mitzvah of waiting in the place one took three steps back.</ref> An individual who finishes [[Shmoneh Esrei]] should take take three steps back and wait there the time it takes for the Sheliach Tzibbur to reach [[Kedusha]] or in extenuating circumstances at least the time it takes to walk 4 [[amot]] (3 seconds or so). If one doesn’t wait after taking the 3 steps back it appears that one didn’t take the 3 steps back really in order to depart from Hashem respectfully.<ref>Mishna Brurah 123:11 </ref>
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#One should start stepping backwards with left foot, stepping exactly behind the right foot, and then the same with right leg. By the third step one should align both feet.<ref>Shulchan Aruch O.C. 123:3</ref>
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==Sources==
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<references />
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{{Prayers}}
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[[Category:Prayer]]

Revision as of 12:27, 12 July 2020

Before Shmoneh Esrei

  1. It’s proper to take three steps forward before Shmoneh Esrei to show that one is going to do an obligatory mitzvah. The halacha doesn’t require taking three steps back, but there is a widespread minhag to take three steps back in order to take three steps forward.[1]
  2. If a person is taking his 3 steps back in order to take 3 steps forward and someone is davening within 4 amot, he should not take these steps back at all and just start Shmoneh Esrei.[2] See the Walking in Front of Someone Davening topic.
  3. Some have the custom of saying "ki shem Hashem ekra havu godel lelokeinu" before the Shmoneh Esrei of Mincha or Mussaf. If one forgot it and already began "Hashem sfatai tiftach" he does not go back to say that pasuk.[3]

After Shmoneh Esrei

  1. After Shemonei Esrei, one should make take three steps backwards while bowing like a servant parting from his master. If one didn't do so, it is as if one didn't pray.[4]
  2. There’s an absolute obligation to take 3 steps back after Shmoneh Esrei and wait there until the Sheliach Tzibbur gets up to Kedusha or at least starts Chazarat HaShas.[5] An individual who finishes Shmoneh Esrei should take take three steps back and wait there the time it takes for the Sheliach Tzibbur to reach Kedusha or in extenuating circumstances at least the time it takes to walk 4 amot (3 seconds or so). If one doesn’t wait after taking the 3 steps back it appears that one didn’t take the 3 steps back really in order to depart from Hashem respectfully.[6]
  3. One should start stepping backwards with left foot, stepping exactly behind the right foot, and then the same with right leg. By the third step one should align both feet.[7]

Sources

  1. Rama 95:1, Mishna Brurah 95:3, Piskei Teshuvot 95:3
  2. Halichot Shlomo 8:33, Piskei Teshuvot 95:5
  3. Sefer Meorer Yeshainim 24, Piskei Tshuvos 111:2
  4. Gemara Yoma 53b, Tur 123:1, Kaf HaChaim 123:1
  5. Shulchan Aruch O.C. 123:2. Mishna Brurah 123:8 writes that one should not rush taking these the steps forward because in doing so one will lose the mitzvah of waiting in the place one took three steps back.
  6. Mishna Brurah 123:11
  7. Shulchan Aruch O.C. 123:3
( V | T ) Specific parts of Prayer Prayer.jpg
Morning prayers
Birchot HaShachar - Birchot HaTorah - Korbanot - Kaddish - Pesukei DeZimrah - Barchu - Birchot Kriyat Shema - Kriyat Shema
Amidah: Shmoneh Esrei - Mashiv HaRuach - Atta Chonen - Atta Chonantanu - Hashivenu - Slach Lanu - Refaenu - Barech Aleinu - Yaaleh VeYavo - Al Hanissim - Sim Shalom - 3 Steps - Chazarat HaShatz - Kedusha - Birkat Cohanim - Havinenu
Post-Amidah: Kriyat HaTorah - Hagbah and Gelila - Tachanun, Ashrei, Aleinu, Shir Shel Yom
Other daily prayers
Mincha - Mariv/Arvit - Repeating Shema at Night - Bedtime Shema - Tikkun Chatzot
Additional prayers
Tefillat HaDerech - Mussaf - Hallel of Rosh Chodesh