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# If after saying Baruch Atta Hashem one realizes that one shouldn't say that Bracha, one should conclude with the words "Lamdeni Chukecha", which is a pasuk in Tehillim and the Bracha isn't Levatala.<ref>Kitzur S"A 6:4</ref>
# If one already said Elokey and didn't say the last syllable, Nu, then one should conclude with the words " Yisrael Avinu MeOlam VeAd Olam", however, in this case one should also say Baruch Shem afterwards.<ref>Kitzur S"A 6:4</ref>
# If one recited a Bracha Rishona while holding a specific food and it fell on the floor (rendering it inedible) before one has the chance to take a bit from it, it depends on the situation as to whether one's original bracha was invalid and a new bracha is necessary if one wants to eat food of the same kind.
## If one intended not to include any other food with that Bracha, one's original bracha is a Bracha Levatala. In such a case, one should recite Baruch Shem Kavod Malchuto LeOlam VaEd. <ref>S"A and Rama 206:6</ref>
## If one intended to include other food in one's bracha, then even if that food is somewhere else, one's original bracha is valid.<Ref>Rama 206:6, Mishna Brurah 206:26</ref>
## If one didn't specifically mean to include or exclude other food that was in front of him from his bracha, one's original bracha is valid.<ref>Mishna Brurah 206:26 writes that if one didn't specifically intend to include or exclude any food one had in front of him, then if the food which one's holding falls, one should not recite a new bracha because of Safek Brachot LeHakel</ref>
==Birkat HaMazon==
# If one had a bread meal, was full, and is in doubt whether one made Birkat Hamazon, one should say [[Birkat HaMazon]] since [[Birkat HaMazon]] is Deoritta. <Ref> S”A 209:3 </ref> However, if one’s not full or isn’t sure if one’s full, one doesn’t make Birkat HaMazon. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 209:10 writes that one makes [[Birkat HaMazon]] out of doubt only if one’s full. Kaf HaChaim 184:20 (quoted by VeZot HaBracha (pg 87, beginning of chapter 10) adds that even if one is in doubt whether one’s full, one doesn’t make Birkat HaMazon. </ref>

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