Changes

Jump to navigation Jump to search
61 bytes added ,  04:53, 26 April 2012
no edit summary
== A bow==
# A bow-knot, slipknot, or a single-knot isn’t a true Kesher-bind and is permissible even if it does remain in place for a while. <Ref> Shulchan Aruch (317:5) and implied by Rama (317:1), brought by the . Kitzur S"A 80:45 and Yalkut Yosef (317:11) agree. </ref> For example: a ribbon on a gift, a single bind on a shopping bag or garbage liner.
# It is permitted to tie a slip knot or bow without a underlying knot even if it is tight and meant never to be undone. <Ref>Shulchan Aruch (317:5), Biur Halacha 317:5, Yalkut Yosef (317:11, [[Shabbat]], vol 2, pg 562), The Shabbos Home (Rabbi Simcha Cohen, vol 1, chap 13, pg 207) </ref>
# After tying a bow knot (a bow on top of a single knot), as is common when tying one's shoes, one may not tie a second bow on top of the bow knot. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 3, pg 798) </ref>
== A bow on top of a single knot==
# According to Ashkenazim, it is permissible to tie one's shoelaces or a decorative ribbon on a blouse with a bow on top of a single knot (initial winding) only if it’s meant to be untied within 24 hours. <Ref> Shulchan Aruch (317:5) rules that a bow-knot isn’t a Kesher, on this the Rama adds that a bow on a single knot is permissible. The Mishna Brurah (317:29) qualifies this that it’s only where the single knot isn’t meant to last (more than 24 hours). Kitzur S"A 80:45, Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 15:53 (in new edition 15:56), 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 3, pg 798), and the Shabbos Home (Rabbi Simcha Cohen, vol 1, chap 13, pg 207) concur with the Mishna Brurah. </ref> However, if one doesn't usually untie it within 24 hours (and manages to slip one's foot in and out) it would be forbidden to tie one's shoes on [[Shabbat]]. <ref> 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 3, pg 798) </ref>According to Sephardim it is permissible even if it isn't meant to be untied within 24 hours, yet it's preferable to make sure to untie it within 7 days. <ref> Yalkut Yosef(317:11), Az Nidabru 6:22, and Rav Ovadyah in Kol Sinai (Koshair #5) rule that some permit even if the single knot is meant to last but says it preferable to be stringent if the knot is meant to last 7 days. </ref>
# Someone doing the wrapping of an Ashkenaz Sefer Torah (Gelilah) and has to tie a sash around the Torah, it's preferable to just wrap the sash around the Torah and tuck in the end, however, if that's not possible then some are lenient to tie a bow on top of a single knot <Ref> Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 7:29, Shalmat Chaim 185, Beir Moshe 6:55. </ref> while others are strict unless one is planning on untying it within 24 hours. <ref>Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 15:53 (in new editions 15:56) is strict unless one is planning to untie it within 24 hours, however, in the footnote (15:188) he quotes Rav Shlomo Zalman who said that the minhag is to be lenient.</ref>
# It is permissible to tie a necktie on [[Shabbat]] if one usually unties it within 24 hours. However if one doesn't usually untie it within 24 hours, one should tie it from before [[Shabbat]] and put it on and take it off by just tightening and loosening the side which goes around the neck, however, one shouldn't untie it on [[Shabbat]]. <ref>Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 15:58 (in new editions 15:62) permits tying a necktie on [[Shabbat]] if one usually unties it within 24 hours. In the footnote 15:208 he quotes Rav Shlomo Zalman. Similarly, 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 3, pg 795-6) permits as long as one usually unties it after wearing it. See the footnote (Koshair #42) where he quotes Rav Reuven Feinstein who quotes his father Rav Moshe Feinstein that it would be permitted even if one doesn't usually untie it. </ref>
==Single knot==
# It is forbidden to tie a single knot with one string onto itself. <Ref> Rama (317:1) quoting the Hagot Alfasi, Kitzur S"A 80:45, Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (in the new edition 15:52) </ref>
## In situations where it's common to tie a double knot such as the last knot of a tzitzit fringe one may tie a single knot. <ref>Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (in the new edition 15:53) </ref>
# It is permitted to tie a single knot in two strands of string even if it is tight and meant never to be undone. <Ref>S”A HaRav 317:1, Yalkut Yosef (317:11, [[Shabbat]], vol 2, pg 562), The Shabbos Home (Rabbi Simcha Cohen, vol 1, chap 13, pg 207) </ref>
== Double knots==
# According to Ashkenazim it is totally forbidden to tie a tight double knot <Ref> Rama (317:1) quoting the Smag, Kitzur S"A 80:45, Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (in the new edition 15:52), 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 3, pg 792) </ref>, however, the Sephardic custom is to be lenient even regarding a tight double knot if one intends to untie it within 7 days and one who is stirct will be blessed. <ref>Yalkut Yosef (317:8) says that some disagree with the Rama and permit even a double knot as long as it’s not Kesher Shel Kayama according to the Rosh (only Kayama is a factor, not Uman) and concludes the Minhag is to permit and the stringent one will be blessed. But in a case of need there’s no need to be strict. Those who are stringent will be blessed. See also Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 8:45 and Rav Poalim O”C 2:44. </ref>
# It is permitted to tie a loose double knot if it’s usually not meant to last 24 hours and this time specifically it's also not meant to last 24 hours. <Ref> Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 15:52 (in new edition 15:55), The Shabbos Home (Rabbi Simcha Cohen, vol 1, chap 13, pg 208) </ref> For example, it’s permissible to tie a double knot for a belt (gartel) or sash (tichel) if it’s going to be untied in 24 hours since it’s not meant to be tight. <Ref> Shaarei Teshuva (317:1), Tzitz Eliezer 16:10, Menuchat Ahava 14:5, 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 3, pg 793) </ref>
# If unintentionally one pulled the bow-knot of the shoelaces and it became a double knot, one may untie it. <Ref> Mishnat Halachot 3:38, Rav Ovadyah in Kol Sinai (Koshair 3:5), Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata 15:56 (in new editions 15:60) </ref>

Navigation menu