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==Customs of Erev Rosh Hashana==
# There are five main customs observed on [[Erev Rosh Hashana]]: 1) [[Laundering]] one's clothing. 2) Cutting one's hair. 3) Dipping in the mikveh. 4) Visiting the cemetery. 5) Giving [[tzedaka]]. <ref>Shulchan Aruch and Rama OC 581:4 . <br>'''Fresh Clothing and Haircuts'''This is based on the Yerushalmi Rosh Hashana 1:3 writes that unlike a typical person who is getting ready for judgment, the Jewish people wear fancy, white clothing and get haircuts because we have confidence in God's kindness and the outcome of the decision. </ref>
===Tachanun===
# [[Tachanun]] is not recited on [[Erev Rosh Hashana]] for [[Shacharit]] or [[Mincha]], even though during [[Selichot]] which are said by night or at least before [[Netz]] Hachama we do recite the yud gimmel [[middot]] and the nefilat apayim.<ref>Shulchan Aruch O.C. 581:3, Kaf HaChaim on Shulchan Arukh, OC 581:73, Chazon Ovadia (Yamim Noraim page 46). <br>
Mishna Brura 581:23 adds based on the Magen Avraham that even if the Selichot continue past Alot Hashachar, since they are typically said before that you would recite the Tachanun during Selichot. Kaf Hachaim 581:73 agrees. </ref>
# On the day before [[Erev Rosh Hashana]], [[tachanun]] is recited at [[mincha]]. <ref>Yalkut Yosef (Moadim page 21), Kaf Hachayim 581:74, Chazon Ovadia Yamim Noraim pg. 46 </ref>
#We do not blow the [[shofar]] on erev rosh hashana Erev Rosh Hashana and if one needs to practice blowing for the holiday, he should do so in a private room. <ref>Yalkut Yosef Moadim page 21 </ref> 
===Lashes===
# Some have the custom of receiving lashes on [[Erev Rosh Hashana]], while others do so on [[Erev Yom Kippur]].<ref>Kaf HaChaim 581:58</ref>
===Visiting the Cemetery===
 #Some have the custom to visit the grave-sites of righteous people on [[Erev Rosh Hashana]]. <ref>Shulchan Aruch Rama 581:4. Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 128:13 points out that we are obviously not praying to the dead person people themselves as that would be avoda zaraAvoda Zara, but rather that Hashem perform kindness and listen to our [[prayers]] thanks to the merit of these great tzaddikim. Mishna Brurah 581:27 and Chazon Ovadia Yamim Noraim pg. 52, as well as the Sefer Ikarim 4:35 write likewise. see [https://torah.org/torah-portion/weekly-halacha-5771-terumah/ Rabbi Doniel Neustadt] for a lengthy discussion</ref>
===Fasting on Erev Rosh Hashana===
===Dipping in the Mikveh===
# The custom is to dip in a mikveh on Erev rosh hashana Rosh Hashana in honor of rosh hashana, however Rosh Hashana. <ref> Rama 581:4 </ref>However this isn't required according to the law and therefore a beracha isn't recited and the laws aren't as strict. <ref>Chacham Ovadia Yosef (Chazon Ovadia pg. 57 and Halichot Olam 2: page 225), Moed Likol Chai 12:11based on the Rosh (Yoma 8:24) who quotes Rav Saadya Gaon who says to recite a beracha on going to the mikveh on Erev Yom Kippur and argues strongly. <br>see also Rama 581:4Chazon Ovadia pg. 59 in the note where he writes that if it is difficult for someone on Erev Rosh Hashana, can be lenient since the Shulchan Aruch only mentions the custom to go on Erev Yom Kippur</ref> If one cannot make it to a mikveh, he should try to spill 9 kav (approximately 12 liters) of water over himself, even if in the shower. <ref>Yalkut Yosef Moadim page 22, Chazon Ovadia (Yamim Noraim page 51, 57). </ref>#A woman within her seven clean days from of[[niddah]] and single women shouldn't go to the mikveh on erev Erev Rosh Hashana or erev yom kippurErev Yom Kippur. <ref>Chazon Ovadia Yamim Noraim page 59 , although the Magen Avraham O.C. 606:8 does mention a practice of single women to go to the mikveh on Erev Yom Kippur for teshuva. </ref>
===Hatarat Nedarim===

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