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====Who Should Fast====
#There is a custom to fast on Erev Rosh HaShanah.<ref>Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 582:2based on a Midrash Tanchuma</ref>
# Where there is a [[Brit Milah]] that day, one may eat.<ref>Rama, Orach Chaim 581:2</ref> Some are of the opinion that one can exempt himself with a [[Siyum Masechet]]<ref>Orchot Rabbeinu Vol. 2, pg 172 in the name of the Steipler Gaon. Elef HaMagen S"K 77.</ref> or any other Seudat Mitzvah,<ref>Magen Avot (Lebhar, Orach Chaim 581:2</ref> as well.
#Some say that the minhag is that women do not fast on [[Erev Rosh Hashana]]. <ref>Mishna Brurah 581:16 writes that women also fast, but [http://www.theyeshivaworld.com/article.php?p=69877 Rabbi Yissachar Dov Krakowski] says this isn't the custom. </ref>
====Accepting the Fast====
#One doesn't need to have to accept this fast upon himself during [[Mincha]] the day before. <ref>Mishna Brurah 581:16, [http://www.theyeshivaworld.com/article.php?p=69877 Rabbi Yissachar Dov Krakowski]. This is also the ruling of [http://www.dailyhalacha.com/Display.asp?ClipDate=9/15/2009 Rabbi Eli Mansour] However, [http://revach.net/halacha/tshuvos/Rav-Elyashiv-On-Fasting-Erev-Rosh-Hashana/1020 Revach.net] quotes Rav Elyashiv as saying that if you don't fast every year, you should accept it during [[mincha]] the day before. </ref> 
====When Does the Fast End====
#Some say one should be sure to complete the fast.<ref>[http://www.dailyhalacha.com/Display.asp?ClipDate=9/15/2009 Rabbi Eli Mansour] says that one shouldn't eat until [[Kiddush]] that night. see Yalkut Yosef Moadim pg. 20, and Halichot Olam 2:pg. 233</ref> #Most Ashkenazim say that one should not fast until Tzeit HaKochavim, as that would cause him to enter Yom Tov famished.<ref>Rama Orach Chaim 581:2 writes that one doesn't need to complete the fast of Aseret Yemey Teshuva. Magen Avraham 581:10 and Mishna Brurah 581:16 apply this to Erev Rosh Hashana as well. Mateh Efraim Siman 38</ref> Instead, one should fast until either Mincha Gedolah<ref>MaChazit HaShekel, Orach Chaim 581 S"K 10. Mishna Berurah 562 S"K 10 says one can rely on this opinion in the event one cannot fast until Plag Mincha. This is the widespread practice.</ref> or Plag HaMincha, daven mincha and eat afterwards<ref>Mateh Efraim, Siman 35. Mishna Berurah 562:10. In either case, one should not formally declare the fast at Mincha of the day before, as doing so without stipulating that he will not complete the fast will require him to do Hatarat Nedarim to finish it before Yom Tov begins.</ref>. #Others suggest that one should only fast until Chatzot, eat and then daven mincha afterwards.<ref>Shu"t YaivetYaavet"z 2:147, Elef HaMagen S"K 73, Likutei MaHariach- Dinei U'Minhagei Aseret Yimei Teshuva.</ref>
====Aneinu and Keriat HaTorah at Mincha====
#One who is still fasting at [[mincha]], should recite aneinu during [[mincha]], <ref>Mishna Brurah 562:7 says this is true even if you do not plan on finishing the fast. For sephardim, the Kaf Hachayim 562:8 says if you do not plan on finishing the fast to recite aneinu during elokay nitzor. </ref> For the chazzan, if he doesn't plan on finishing the fast, he shouldn't recite aneinu in the chazarat hashatz at all. <ref>Beiur Halachah 562:1 "aval." </ref>
# Regardless of how long one plans to fast for, one should not lain the traditional laining for a Ta'anit Tzibur ("Vayechal Moshe").<ref>Rama, Orach Chaim 581:2</ref>

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