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==Blowing Shofar==
===Who Has The Custom to Blow===
#The Ashkenazic minhag is to blow the [[Shofar]] after [[Shacharit]] during [[Elul]]. Some have the practice to start on the first day of [[Rosh Chodesh]] [[Elul]], while others start on the second day of [[Rosh Chodesh]].<ref>The Rosh ([[Rosh Hashana]] 4:14) quotes Pirkei D’Rabi EliezerPerek 46, which says that Chazal established a practice of blowing the [[shofar]] on [[Rosh Chodesh]] [[Elul]] because a [[shofar]] was blown when Moshe ascended Har Sinai on [[Rosh Chodesh]] [[Elul]]. It continues that the [[shofar]] is blown in order to motivate Bnei Yisrael to do [[teshuva]] and to confuse the Satan. The Rosh adds that this is the basis for the Ashkenazic minhag of blowing [[shofar]] during [[Elul]]. The Rama Orach Chaim 581:1 writes that the minhag is to blow the [[shofar]] during [[Elul]] after [[Shacharit]], and some do so also after [[Maariv]]. Mishna Brurah 581:3 writes that some start on the first day of [[Rosh Chodesh]] and some start from the second day of [[Rosh Chodesh]].</ref>#Many The Sephardic custom is not really to blow the Shofar. However, many Sephardic communities have adopted this practice and blow every day of Elul during [[Kaddish]] at the conclusion of Selichot right before Titkabal, as well as during the recitation of the 13 Middot. Nevertheless, one must be careful not to miss reciting the 13 Middot because he is busy blowing the Shofar, and it shouldn't be done if it will wake up sleeping neighbors.<ref>Kaf HaChaim 581:13, Mekor Chaim 209:1, Chazon Ovadia (Yamim Noraim, page 24), [ Yalkut Yosef (Yamim Noraim, page 46)], Magen Avot ad loc, Laws of Holidays by R' Yonatan Nacson page 367. See [ Pninei Halacha].</ref> 
===Number of Blows===
# The common custom is to blow ''tashrat'', tekiya shevarim teruah and tekiya, one time. Some say that one should do tarat, tashat, and tashrat.<reF>Piskei Teshuvot 581:3 cites the Bach 592 who advocated for tarat, tashat, and tashrat but noted that the minhag was just to do tashrat.</ref>
#Ashkenazim specifically do not blow the Shofar on Erev Rosh Hashanah, but Sepharadim do not distinguish.<ref>Rama Orach Chaim 581:3, Magen Avot ad loc.</ref>
# The Shofar should not be blown at night even for practice.<ref>Piskei Teshuvot 581:3</ref>
===Minyan for Blowing Shofar===
#The minhag to blow [[shofar]] during [[Elul]] only applies when davening with a [[minyan]] and not if one is davening by oneself.<ref>Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 12:48, Piskei Teshuvot 581:3. Tzitz Eliezer writes that there's no minhag to have to blow shofar if someone is davening without a minyan.</ref>
#If for some reason a [[minyan]] did not blow the [[Shofar]] after [[Shacharit]] they should blow it after [[Mincha]].<ref>Sh"t Iggerot Moshe 4:21, Aruch Hashulchan 581:12, Piskei Teshuvot 581:3</ref>
===Standing for Shofar Blowing During Elul===
# The Minhag does not require on one to stand during the blowing, but people are accustomed to.<ref>Piskei Teshuvot 581:3</ref>
==Hatarat Nedarim==

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