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==Explanation of the Text==
#The text of this blessing , as it appears in the Talmud, reads: Blessed are you God.. Who with his utterance created the heavens.. Who renews the months, etc.<ref>Sanhedrin 42a, Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 426:1 </ref> In this blessing , we express our recognition of God 's awesome power over the universe. As such, one should be vigilant to recite this blessing with full intent, devotion , and elation. <ref>Moreh Ba'ezbah 187, Ben Ish Chai (vol. 1, Vayikra 26) and More Be'ezbah 187</ref> It is customary to also recite additional appropriate texts and passages, the "Shalom Aleichem" greeting <ref>Levush (Orach Chaim 426) explains that this greeting is included after the recital of this blessing, for after having greeted the Divine Presence, we then joyously bless one another. [http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=1911&pgnum=105 Rav Mashash Yosef Meshash in Mayim Chayim 92] adds another reason. We are asking for Shalom for Klal Yisrael, between the parts of Hashem's name, and that the moon should return to its original completeness.</ref> and , for Ashkenazim, the "Aleinu" prayer <ref>Mishnah Berurah 426. We recite this prayer after our greeting of the moon, to declare that this ritual is not to be interpreted as idolatrous heavenly worship, God forbid. </ref>.#The verse "Just as I dance toward you but cannot touch you, so may none of my enemies be able to touch me for evil" is recited three times (this verse, and many that follow in the text are repeated three times in order to give emphasis to these special messages). Upon the recital of this verse, one is to rise on his toes as if in a dance.<ref>Tractate Sofrim Masechet Soferim (19). Dover Shalom (Kiddush Levana) explains that this symbolic exertion to touch the moon is a form of prayer: "Just as we cannot touch the moon, may the exertions of our enemies against us be with no avail". Some write that this rise should specially be of three times, See Ya'alkut Yalkut Yosef (426). </ref>#After mankind's first successful Lunar surface landing in July 20, 1969, there were those who felt that this last mentioned verse should now read:"Just as I dance toward you but '''do not''' touch you", most however argued, explaining that , to us here at earth , the moon is classified as 'unable to be touched'. <ref>Israeli Armed Forces’ Chief Chaplain General Rabbi Shlomo Goren's change in the IDF Siddur (pg. 464) also based on text of Tractate SofrimMasechet Soferim. See , however , Derech Sicha (pg. 629) , where Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky explains that even nowadays the moon is deemed 'unable to be touched'. Ya'alkut Yalkut Yosef (426:17) writes similarly. </ref>#Some have written that praying "May I be saved from toothaches" after the recital of this last verse "none of my enemies be able to touch me for evil" is auspicious for being saved from toothaches.<ref>Ta'amei Haminhagim (Inyanei Rosh Chodesh) from the Radziner Rebbe. Some versions of the Ya'avetz's Siddur have this addition as well, in brackets , though. Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky in Derech Sicha (p. 144) concurred with the efficacy of this benevolent charm, as well. He relates that his father, Rabbi Ya'akov Yisrael Kanievsky would recite these additional words also on behalf of others who were suffering from toothaches. See also Ya'alkut Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat vol. 5, pg. 329). </ref>#As was mentioned above, the phases of the moon are equated to the Davidic dynasty, where we are confident that our nation's "diminished" power will soon end and its light will soon illuminate to fullness. It is therefore the custom to recite the verse "David, King of Israel, is alive and enduring". <ref>Rama Orach Chaim 426 </ref> Some communities then follow the recital of this verse with the recital of the word "Amen", three times. One should take care to pause between each [[Amen]] <ref>*Yerushalmi ([[Megillah]] 4:10) teaches that one may not say [[Amen]] [[Amen]] just as the Sages prohibited the recital of "[[Shema]] [[Shema]]". See Ohel Moed ([[Kriyat Shema]] 1:7) who cites this Yerushalmi and rules accordingly. The Beis Yosef (Orach Chaim 61) however challenges this ruling of the Ohel Moed and questions it with many verses which actually contain the words [[Amen]] one after the other. (See Mor U'ketzia (61) where the Yaavetz proves that this Yershalmi actually is against a Bavli which permits such a recital.)*Pri [[Chadash]] (Orach Chaim 61:12) refutes the Beis Yosef's proof: he suggests that those verses are indeed only to be said on condition that pause between the two [[Amen]] words. Kaf Hachaim (Orach Chaim 61:43) and Yabia Omer 10:5 therefore rule that while the recital of Birkat Halevana, a pause should be made between the three "Amen" words.</ref> unless his recital is in private, in which case one is not obligated to pause. <ref>Korban HaEdah (Megillah 4:10)</ref>
==Women==

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