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## If one intended to include other food in one's bracha, then even if that food is somewhere else, one's original bracha is valid.<Ref>Rama 206:6, Mishna Brurah 206:26. See Yeshuot Dovid ch. 2 who quotes the Halacha Brurah Minchat Shmuel who says fundamentally Shulchan Aruch agrees with the Rama when a person has direct intent to exempt other food. See there for his proof from Shulchan Aruch 206:2.</ref>
## If one didn't specifically mean to include or exclude other food that was in front of him from his bracha, one's original bracha is valid.<ref>Mishna Brurah 206:26 writes that if one didn't specifically intend to include or exclude any food one had in front of him, then if the food which one's holding falls, one should not recite a new bracha because of [[Safek Brachot LeHakel]].</ref>
==Bracha Sheina Tzaricha==
# If there's a situation where one needs to cause oneself to become obligated in a bracha to avoid a dispute one can do so and it isn't considered a bracha sheina tzaricha. If one can avoid this one should do so.<ref>Vezot Habracha Birur Halacha 29. Shulchan Aruch O.C. 174:4 to avoid the dispute in the rishonim if wine of melava malka is covered by the havdalah wine you should intend that the wine of havdalah doesn't exempt it. Shulchan Aruch O.C. 174:7 codifies Rosh that since Rashi holds water isn't exempted by the meal you should make shehakol on a glass of water before a meal in order to exempt it in the meal rather than have it in the meal without a bracha and rely on the rest of the rishonim. Igrot Moshe 4:40:1 writes that you should lechatchila make shinuy makom to avoid a safek brachot and that's called tzaricha.</ref>
==Birkat HaMazon==

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