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Text replacement - "Olot Hashachar" to "Alot Hashachar"
# One can only say [[Korbanot]] during the day, meaning after [[Olot HaShachar]] which is 72 minutes (in [[Shaot Zmaniot]]) before [[HaNetz]]. <Ref>S”A 1:6. </ref>
# In cases of need, such as a worker who needs to daven early, one can say [[Korbanot]] from 96 minutes (in [[Shaot Zmaniot]]) before [[HaNetz]]. <Ref> Halacha Brurah 1:16 (based on Sh”t Yacheve Daat 2:8) writes that in cases of need (for example a worker who needs to daven early) it is possible to say [[Korbanot]] 96 minutes before [[HaNetz]]. </ref>
# The earliest time to say [[Birchot HaShachar]] is from [[Chatzot]] (halachic midnight). <ref> Magen Avraham 47:13, Kaf HaChaim 46:49, Or Letzion (vol 2, 4:9) </ref> Initially one should say Hanoten Lesechvi Binah after Olot Alot Hashachar and after the fact one fulfills one's obligation anytime after Chatzot.<ref>Rosh (Teshuva 4:1) writes that initially one shouldn't say Hamotzei Lesechvi until Olot. Shulchan Aruch 47:13 codifies this. Magen Avraham 47:13 cites the Arizal who says that all of the brachot can be said after Chatzot but the Magen Avraham qualifies this to where one actually heard the rooster crow. Either way he concludes that it is better to be strict to wait until olot. Mishna Brurah 47:31, Biur Halacha 47:13, and Peninei Halacha (Tefillah 9:5) agree. </ref>
# The earliest time to say Baruch SheAmar is [[Olot HaShachar]] which is 72 minutes (in [[Shaot Zmaniot]]) before [[HaNetz]]. <Ref> Halacha Brurah 1:16 </ref>
# The earliest time that one can put on [[Tallit]] is [[MeSheYakir]], which is one hour (in [[Shaot Zmaniot]]) before [[HaNetz]]. <Ref>Shulchan Aruch 18:3 rules that the time to make the bracha on [[Tallit]] is from [[MeSheYakir]]. There is a dispute among the achronim about when exactly [[MeSheYakir]] is. Because of [[Safek Brachot LeHakel]], Halacha Brurah 18:6 one may not make the bracha earlier than a fifth of an hour (in [[Shaot Zmaniot]]) after [[Olot HaShachar]]. </ref>
# The ideal mitzvah is to start praying [[Shmoneh Esrei]] of [[Shacharit]] at [[HaNetz HaChama]] (sunrise). <ref> Gemara [[Brachot]] 26a writes the ideal time to pray [[Shacharit]] is at [[HaNetz HaChama]] and that was the practice of the [[Vatikin]] (those who fulfill the מצות early and in the proper time). This is codified by the Rambam ([[Tefillah]] 3:1), Rosh ([[Brachot]] 4:1), Tur and Shulchan Aruch 89:1 </ref>
# If a person can either daven at Netz without a minyan or later with a minyan, according to Ashkenazim one may daven at Netz if one regularly davens at Netz.<ref>Biur Halacha 58 s.v. umitzvah</ref> According to Sephardim one should daven with a minyan later unless one will pray with kavana.<ref>Yalkut Yosef 89:19</ref>
===After Olot Alot Hashachar===
===Netz===
# Ideally one should pray after Netz. If one did pray anytime after [[Olot HaShachar]] (dawn, about 72 minutes before sunrise) one has fulfilled one’s obligation.<ref> The Rosh ([[Brachot]] 4:1) writes that even though ideally one should pray at [[HaNetz]] (sunrise) if one prayed after [[Olot HaShachar]] one would have fulfilled one’s obligation. This is also the opinion of many Rishonim including Tosfot 30a (s.v. Avuha), Rambam ([[Tefillah]] 3:7, Sh”t Rambam 27), Rabbenu Yerucham (according to Bet Yosef 89:1) and the Tur 89:1. This is codified in Shulchan Aruch 89:1. </ref>
* Shulchan Aruch 89:8 rules that in cases of extenuating circumstances such as where one has to travel early one may pray [[Shacharit]] [[Shmoneh Esrei]] immediately after [[Olot HaShachar]] and then say Shema while traveling if one is able to have kavana (proper intent) while traveling. This is also mentioned in Mishna Brurah 89:1. </ref>
## Therefore, a person who needs to pray early in the morning in order to get to work should pray with a [[minyan]] that starts praying after Mesheyakir before Netz.<ref>Shulchan Aruch 58:3</ref>
## If that isn't possible then the minyan should use the following schedule: say up to Birchot [[Kriyat Shema]] without [[Tallit]] and [[Tefillin]] (except for Shaliach Tzibbur who should put on [[Tallit]] and [[Tefillin]] before Yishtabach), when [[MeSheYakir]] arrives put on [[Tallit]] and [[Tefillin]], then continue from there. <Ref>[http://www.ou.org/webcast_kosher Rabbi Yisrael Belsky] (OU Kosher Webcast, min 19:30-28:30). Sh"t Igrot Moshe 4:6 writes that a person who needs to make it to work is considered to be in an extenuating circumstance in which Shulchan Aruch 89:8 writes that one may pray [[Shacharit]] after Olot Alot Hashachar See also Iggrot Moshe OC 1:10 and Yechave Daat 2:8.</ref>
# If the choice is to pray with an early [[minyan]] that davens before Netz after Msheyakir or to pray later by oneself, such as in one's office, one should rather pray earlier with a [[minyan]].<Ref>[http://www.ou.org/webcast_kosher Rabbi Yisrael Belsky] (OU Kosher Webcast, min 19:30-28:30), Igrot Moshe 4:6 s.v. im ken, Peri Yitzchak 1:2, Sh"t Yaskil Avdi 5:10, Sh"t Minchat Yitzchak 9:10. Chazon Ish (Ishei Yisrael 13:note 21) ruled likewise. [http://www.ou.org/webcast_kosher Rabbi Yisrael Belsky] (OU Kosher Webcast, min 19:30-28:30) said that if one feels that it is just too dark and one cannot understand what the people are relying on to put on [[Tefillin]] so early one should say up to Baruch SheAmar before traveling and then pray at one’s office.</ref> Some disagree and say that you should pray on your own rather than daven before netz. <ref> Sh”t Sheilot Shmuel OC 12, Rav Elyashiv (quoted in Avnei Yashfei [[Tefillah]] page 167), Yalkut Yosef ([[Tefilla]] pages 137-139, 89:14). </ref>
# If a person who is not in a rush to pray before sunrise is needed for a [[minyan]] that is praying before sunrise there is a dispute whether he is allowed to join or not. <ref> Rav Yosef Shalom Elyashiv quoted in Tefilla Kehilchita page 78 and in Avnei Yashfe (Tefilla page 169 89:14) says that although he can answer for their [[minyan]] he cannot pray with them. This is true even if he is the sixth one who would be praying (a [[minyan]] requires ten but a minimum of six praying at the time) and his refusal to pray would prevent there being a [[minyan]]. Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach in Halichot Shlomo 1:5-13 (and Avnei Yishfe p. 169) though ruled that if the refusal to join will prevent the [[minyan]] he may pray with them as long as it is not on a consistent basis. </ref>

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