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==If one's in doubt if one made a bracha==
# If one is in doubt whether one can make a Bracha the general rule is that one shouldn’t make the Bracha. <Ref>Rif Brachot 12a, Shulchan Aruch 209:3, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 6:6; Kitzur Shulchan Aruch of Rav Mordechai Eliyahu 6:6 </ref>
# If one is in doubt whether one made a [[Bracha Rishona]] or not, one may not make the Bracha, rather it’s permissible to eat without a Bracha because of [[Safek Brachot LeHakel]]. <Ref>S”A Shulchan Aruch in 167:9 and 209:3 writes clearly that if one is in doubt whether one made a Bracha one doesn’t not go back and say it except for [[Birkat HaMazon]]. Mishna Brurah 167:49 adds that it’s forbidden to make a Bracha in a case whether there’s a doubt. </ref>
# If there’s a doubt whether one interrupted his eating (with a [[Hesech Hadaat]]) one shouldn’t make another Bracha and it’s permissible to continue eating. <Ref> VeZot HaBracha (beginning of chapter 10, pg 87) </ref>
# If a person has two factors to make a bracha (Safek Safeka) he still shouldn't make the bracha.<ref>Mishna Brurah 215:20 quotes the Chaye Adam who says that for a Safek Safeka you can't make a bracha in a case of safek safeka. However, in Mishna Brurah 4:30 he quotes Rabbi Akiva Eiger (Magen Avraham 4:12) who says you can make a bracha because of a safek safeka.</ref>
==Alternatives to saying the actual bracha==

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