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===Bracha Achrona===
# After the fact if one recited Birkat Hamazon on wine or dates one fulfills one's obligation.<ref>Rabbenu Yonah (Brachot 6a s.v. iy nami) proves from Brachot 12a that birkat hamazon exempts dates and from Brachot 35b that it covers wine. He reiterates the point in Brachot 29b s.v. miyhu. Rosh (Brachot 1:14) agrees. Rashba (Brachot 41b s.v. heviyu) shows that the Yerushalmi and Bahag hold that birkat hamazon doesn't exempt dates. Shuchan Aruch 208:17 rules like the Rabbenu Yonah and Rosh.</ref># After the fact if one recited birkat hamazon Birkat Hamazon on mezonot, even though there is a dispute whether one fulfilled one's obligation one should not recite a new bracha since according to many poskim one fulfilled one's obligation.<ref>Based on 41b, both the Rabbenu Yonah (Brachot 29b s.v. lacher) and Rashba (Brachot 48a s.v. ha) write that birkat hamazon doesn't exempt mein shalosh even after the fact. Shulchan Aruch 208:17 codifies their opinion. Rabbi Akiva Eiger 208:17 comments that for pat haba bkisnin certainly birkat hamazon does exempt it. Mishna Brurah 208:75 concludes that since many achronim disagree with the Shulchan Aruch and hold that birkat hamazon exempts any mezonot since they are more filling than dates which the birkat hamazon covers. He adds that certainly we accept Rabbi Akiva Eiger regarding pat haba bkisnin. Birkat Hashem 2:3:22 agrees.</ref>
# After the fact if one recited Al Hamichya for Birkat Hamazon one fulfills one's obligation.<ref>Raah (Brachot 44a) explains that since Al Hamichya is Biblical and the pasuk which indicates the obligation for Birkat Hamazon includes the obligation for Al Hamichya if one says Al Hamichya in place of Birkat Hamazon after the fact one fulfills one's obligation. This is also the opinion of the Bet Yosef 168:6 who rules that for all forms of pat haba bkisnin one should recite Al Hamichya even though potentially it could be bread. Gןinat Veradim 1:24, Birkei Yosef 167:10, and Birkat Hashem 2:3:18 agree. The Ginat Veradim explains that this idea is based on the Kesef Mishna Brachot 2:1 who quotes the Rambam and Ramban that Birkat Hamazon is deoritta but the number of brachot are derabbanan.</ref>

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