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===Doorways to Courtyards and Cities===
# The doorway to a courtyard or city is obligated in having a mezuzah on the right side as one enters. <ref>Yoma 12a, Shulchan Aruch YD 286:1, Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 11:2-3</ref> In a city that has some non-Jews the city gate does not need a mezuzah.<ref>Yoma 11a. Rama YD 286:1 quoting the Aguda that even if some non-Jews live in the city they are exempt from mezuzah on the city gate. The Taz 286:3 explains that the exemption is based on a danger.</ref>
# The electrical posts used for an eruv do not need a mezuzah even though they function as a doorway.<ref>Chazon Ish YD 172:3 writes that even though the electrical posts with the wires on top can serve as doorways to enclose an eruv for Shabbat (under certain conditions) they do not need a mezuzah since the mezuzah won't be guarded and also some non-Jews might live in the city. [ Rav Hershel Schachter in “The Laws of Mezuzah” (min 48-53)] explained that the factors why we don’t put up a mezuzah for a communal eruv are both because it might get ruined by weather or stolen. Additionally, it is because the Derech Hachaim Siddur writes that since the poles don’t devide the way the area is used (tashmisho echad) and it is more open than it is closed (omed murebeh al haparutz) for mezuzah purposes the poles don’t create a doorway. Therefore, an eruv doesn't require a mezuzah even in a Jewish community.</ref>
==How the mezuzah should be placed==

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