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==Who's exemptIs Exempt?==# Women are exempt from [[Brachot]] [[Birchot Kriyat Shema]]. <ref> Magen Avraham 70:1 writes that women are exempt from the [[Brachot]] [[Birchot Kriyat Shema]] since it’s it is a time-bound mitzvah. Bear Heitev 70:1, S”A Shulchan Aruch HaRav 70:1, Mishna Brurah 70:2, Kaf HaChaim 70:1, and Halacha Brurah 70:2 agree. Halacha Brurah (Birur Halacha 70:2) writes that this should be dependant on a dispute in the rishonim whether on Derabbanan’s there’s there is an exemption of Mitzvah Ashe SheZman Grama on Derabbanans [This is the general dispute between Tosfot (Brachot 20b D”H [[Tefillah]], Pesachim 108b s.v. Af, [[Megillah]] 24 s.v. Mi) who writes that women are exempt from Derabban time bound mitzvot and Rashi (quoted by Tosfot [[Brachot]] 20b) who holds that women are obligated in Derabbanan time bound mitzvot.] </ref># Ashkenazi women can voluntarily say [[Brachot]] [[Birchot Kriyat Shema]], while Sephardim Sephardi women may not make any Bracha bracha that they aren’t are not obligated to make. <Ref> Even though the Pri Megadim (Ashel Avraham 296:11) writes that [[Brachot]] brachot which don’t do not entail any action can not be volunteered made voluntarily including [[Brachot]] [[Birchot Kriyat Shema]], the Yeshuot Yacov 422:6 argues that any Bracha that’s bracha that is made in preparation for a mitzvah may be volunteered made voluntarily, but not a Bracha brachot that is are the complete mitzvah in themselves, such as [[Havdalah]] , may not be made . The S”A Shulchan Aruch HaRav 70:1, Mishna Brurah 70:2, and Aruch HaShulchan 70:1 rule that Ashkenazic women are permitted to voluntarily say [[Brachot]] [[Birchot Kriyat Shema]]. Concerning Sephardim, the Sh”t Or Letzion 2:5 pg 55 writes that since [[Brachot]] [[Birchot Kriyat Shema]] are praise , women are permitted to volunteer to say them, while Sh”t Yabia Omer 8:8 and Sh”t Otzrot Yosef 4:3 argue on that [[Brachot]] can’t brachot may not be volunteered made voluntarily even in such a casecases. Halacha Brurah (Birur Halacha 70:3) explains that for Sephardim there’s there is a triple safek to permit women to make the Brachabracha: 1) perhaps women are obligated in Derabbanan time bound mitzvot (like Rashi and not Tosfot [[Brachot]] 20b), 2) perhaps women may volunteer a non-action Bracha bracha that they are exempt from (like the Yeshuot Yacov and not Pri Megadim) and 3) perhaps on a Bracha that’s bracha that is not of the form Vetzivanu women may volunteer voluntarily make the Bracha bracha (like Rosh (Kedushin 31a) and not Rabbenu Tam). Nonetheless, Halacha Brurah concludes that the second and third Safek are really one Safek (as in Sh”t Yabia Omer 2:6:9) and on a double Safek we still say [[Safek Brachot LeHakel]]. </ref># According to Ashkenazim, some say there is an obligation to say the [[Brachot]] brachot after shema (Emet VeyasivVeyatsiv, Emet VeEmunah, Haskivenu) because of the mitzvah to remember Egypt. However, according to Sephardim it’s it is not an obligation to say any of the [[Brachot]] [[these Birchot Kriyat Shema]]. <Ref> However, the Magen Avraham 70:1 writes that women are obligated to say the Bracha bracha of Emet VeYatziv since the obligation of remembering leaving Egypt is a mitzvah that’s that is not time-bound. The Solet Belulah 70:1, S”A Shulchan Aruch HaRav 70:1, Siddur Bet Ovad ([[Kriyat Shema]] [[Arvit]] 1-2), and Mishna Brurah 70:2 agree with the Magen Avraham. However, the Sh”t Shagat Aryeh 12 writes that women are exempt from the mitzvah of remembering leaving Egypt since it’s it is a time bound mitzvah since the mitzvah of the day is different from the nighttime mitzvah. The Nezirut Shimshon 67, Limudei Hashem 142, and Aruch HaShulchan 70 agree with the Shagat Aryeh. Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 6:12 writes that according to Ashkenazim since there are those who say that it’s it is an obligation and even if it’s it is not an obligation it can be said voluntarily (as Rama 589:6 writes), there is nothing to loose by saying the Brachabracha. However, Sephardim hold that if a person is exempt from a Bracha bracha one may not make the Bracha bracha voluntarily (as S”A Shulchan Aruch 589:6 writes). Therefore, Sh”t Yabia Omer O”C 2:20, Halacha Brurah 70:2 and Sh”t Shevet HaLevi 6:12 hold that Sephardic women aren’t are not obligated to say in saying the Bracha bracha (at least there’s there is a doubt) and so it shouldn’t should not be said voluntarily. </ref>
==Obligation to say Brachot [[Kriyat Shema]]==

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