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33 bytes added ,  03:26, 7 January 2015
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Text replacement - "S"A" to "Shulchan Aruch"
== A bow==
# A bow-knot, slipknot, or a single-knot isn’t a true Kesher-bind and is permissible even if it does remain in place for a while. <Ref> Shulchan Aruch (317:5) and implied by Rama (317:1). Kitzur S"A Shulchan Aruch 80:45 and Yalkut Yosef (317:11) agree. </ref> For example: a ribbon on a gift, a single bind on a shopping bag or garbage liner.
# It is permitted to tie a slip knot or bow without a underlying knot even if it is tight and meant never to be undone. <Ref>Shulchan Aruch (317:5), Beiur Halacha 317:5, Yalkut Yosef (317:11, [[Shabbat]], vol 2, pg 562), The [[Shabbos]] Home (Rabbi Simcha Cohen, vol 1, chap 13, pg 207) </ref>
# After [[tying]] a bow knot (a bow on top of a single knot), as is common when [[tying]] one's shoes, one may not tie a second bow on top of the bow knot. <ref>39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 3, pg 798) </ref> Others permit [[tying]] this knot since it can still be untied with a single hand by pulling on the end of the string. <Ref>Orchot [[Shabbat]] (10:15) and footnote 28 </ref>
# According to Ashkenazim, it is permissible to tie one's shoelaces with a bow on top of a single knot (initial winding) only if it is meant to be untied within 24 hours. According to Sephardim, it is permissible as long as it is meant to be untied within 7 days. <Ref>
* Rambam 10:5, Tur, and S”A 317:5 rule like Chachamim on [[Shabbat]] 113a who hold that [[tying]] a bow is permitted. Bet Yosef 317:5 quotes the Mordechai, who forbids [[tying]] a bow on top of a single knot. However, Darkei Moshe 317:3 quotes the Agur who says that the minhag is lenient to tie a bow on top of a single knot.
* Magen Avraham 317:15, Taz 317:7, Eliyah Rabba 317:13, Mishna Brurah 317:29, and Kaf HaChaim 317:59 rule like the Agur but explain that it must be untied within 24 hours so that it is not considered a permanent knot. The Aruch HaShulchan 317:25, however, rules like the Mordechai. Kitzur S"A Shulchan Aruch 80:45, Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 15:53 (in new edition 15:56), and the [[Shabbos]] Home (Rabbi Simcha Cohen, vol 1, chap 13, pg 207) concur with the Mishna Brurah.
* Birkei Yosef 317:2 argues that the Agur was lenient even if the bow-knot is permanent. Yalkut Yosef ([[Shabbat]], vol 2, p. 562) agrees. </ref> However, if one doesn't usually untie it within 24 hours (and manages to slip one's foot in and out) it would be forbidden to tie one's shoes on [[Shabbat]]. <ref> 39 Melachos (Rabbi Ribiat, vol 3, pg 798) </ref>According to Sephardim it is permissible even if it isn't meant to be untied within 24 hours, yet it's preferable to make sure to untie it within 7 days. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (317:11), Rav Ovadyah in Kol Sinai (Koshair #5). See previous two footnotes.</ref>
# Someone doing the wrapping of an Ashkenaz Sefer Torah (Gelilah) and has to tie a sash around the Torah, it's preferable to just wrap the sash around the Torah and tuck in the end, however, if that's not possible then some are lenient to tie a bow on top of a single knot <Ref> Sh"t Tzitz Eliezer 7:29, Shalmat Chaim 185, Beir Moshe 6:55. </ref> while others are strict unless one is planning on [[untying]] it within 24 hours. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata 15:53 (in new editions 15:56) is strict unless one is planning to untie it within 24 hours, however, in the footnote (15:188) he quotes Rav Shlomo Zalman who said that the minhag is to be lenient.</ref>
* See Torat HaMelachot (p. 79-80) quotes Rav Nissim Karelitz as permitting a “full-Windsor” knot but forbidding a “four in hand”. See Chut Shani (vol 2, p. 227).</ref>
==Single knot==
# It is forbidden to tie a single knot with one string onto itself. <Ref> Rama (317:1) quoting the Hagahot Alfasi, Kitzur S"A Shulchan Aruch 80:45, Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata (in the new edition 15:52) </ref>
## In situations where it's common to tie a double knot such as the last knot of a [[tzitzit]] fringe one may tie a single knot. <ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata (in the new edition 15:53) </ref>
# It is permitted to tie a single knot in two strands of string even if it is tight and meant never to be undone. <Ref>S”A HaRav 317:1, Yalkut Yosef (317:11, [[Shabbat]], vol 2, pg 562), The [[Shabbos]] Home (Rabbi Simcha Cohen, vol 1, chap 13, pg 207) </ref>

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