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# Rather one should not buy an Etrog except from a trustworthy seller and can testify that the Etrog isn’t grafted. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 648:65, Chazon Ovadyah [[Sukkot]] (pg 223) </ref>
# Even if the Etrog is only in doubt one may not make a Bracha on the Etrog. <Ref> Chazon Ovadyah [[Sukkot]] (pg 228-232), Sh”t Mishneh Halachot 6:117 </ref>
# If one has an etrog that’s safek if it’s grafted and an etrog that’s not as hadar (“beautiful”), one should make the Bracha on the true etrog first and after shaking the minim with it, one should take the one that’s a safek grafted. <Ref> The Achronim quote the story of when the Grach (Rav Chaim SolovachikSoloveitchik) had an etrog that was safek grafted and one that’s surely non-grated but not as hadar. The made the Bracha on the safek grafted one so that he could fulfill his mitzvah with the more hadar etrog, rather than use the true etrog and once he fulfills the mitzvah he would no longer be able to fulfill the mitzvah of hadar. However, the Mikrei Kodesh ([[Sukkot]] 2:9) and Chazon Ovadyah [[Sukkot]] (pg 244) argue that shaking the safek kasher one first would be a safek [[hefsek]] between the bracha and shaking on the true etrog and so one should take the true etrog first. </ref>
==A dry Etrog==
# An Etrog which is so dry that it doesn't have any moisture is invalid. <Ref>S”A 648:1 writes that a dry Etrog which has no moisture is invalid.</ref>
==Trumot and Maaserot==
# [[Trumot and Maaserot]] must be taken off for the Etrog be to be used for the mitzvah, otherwise the Etrog is pasul for all seven days of [[Sukkot]]. <Ref> Rambam (Hilchot Sukkat 8:9), Kolbo (Siman 72), Eliyah Rabba 649:4, Pri Megadim A”A 649:20, Bikkurei Yacov 649:29, S”A HaRav 649:15, Mishna Brurah 649:45, Natai Gavriel 36:2, Chazon Ovadyah [[Sukkot]] (pg 248) </ref> Therefore, one must be careful in finding a reliable seller. <Ref>Kaf HaChaim 649:41, Natai Gavriel 36:2 </ref>
# If one cut an etrog from a non-Jew’s field in [[Israel ]] that etrog should not be used unless one forgot to take off [[Trumot and Maaserot]] and it’s already [[Yom Tov]] (when it’s forbidden to take off trumot and masserot). <Ref> Chazon Ovadyah (pg 246) </ref>
# Any of the [[four minim]] that are stolen are unfit all 7 days of [[Sukkot]]. <Ref> S”A 649:1, Nitei Gavriel 44:1</ref>
# Any of the [[four minim]] that are borrowed are unfit for the first day of [[Sukkot]]. <Ref> S”A 658:3 </ref>
# One of the [[four minim]] that are borrowed is fit the shakings of [[hallel]] and hoshanot but not the first shaking of the [[lulav]] on the first day of [[Sukkot]]. <Ref> Mikrei Kodesh pg 78, Natai Gavriel 44:3 in name of Rabbi Moshe SolovatchikSoloveitchik. </ref>
# One shouldn’t cut any of the [[four minim]] from the field of a non-Jew (even with his permission) but rather one should allow the non-Jew to cut it himself and give it to you. <Ref>Rama 649:1 based on the Rashba; even though, the Kaf HaChaim 649:21 quotes the Smag and Radvaz who say that nowadays there’s no need to be strict in this matter, nonetheless, the Kaf HaChaim concludes like other achronim that it’s preferable to be strict for the Rashba. </ref> This is only preferable, however, after the fact, the minim are fit for the mitzvah and one may make a Bracha on it. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 649:10, Kaf HaChaim 649:23 quotes the Get Mekushar who says that one shouldn’t make a Bracha in such a case and concludes that one may make a Bracha as times have changed (see there). </ref>
==Eating the Etrog==
#It’s forbidden to eat an Etrog all the days of [[Sukkot]] and if one does take a bite out of the Etrog it’s unfit <ref> Rama 649:5 </ref>
#In [[Israel]], it's permissible to eat the Etrog on [[Shemini Aseret]], and in Chutz LeAretz (outside [[Israel]]) one may eat it on the ninth day of [[Sukkot]]. <ref> Chazon Ovadyah ([[Sukkot]] pg 444) </ref>

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