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After relieving one's self, one is obligated to say the [[[Brachot|Bracha]] of Asher Yatzar. ==Obligation==# Any time one goes to the bathroom (urinating or moving one's bowels) one is obligated to say the Bracha of [[Asher YatzשrYatzar]]. <ref> S”A 7:1 based on a statement of Abaye in [[Berachot]] 60b writes that anytime that one goes to the bathroom one is obligated to say [[Asher Yatzar]]. </ref>[[Asher Yatzar]] is said every time that one releases excrement, even if it was a minute amount <ref>S"A 7:4, Aruch HaShulchan 7:5, Teshuvot Harosh 4:1 </ref> This applies to both solid and liquid waste. <ref> Aruch Hashulchan 7:1 </ref>
# One should say asher yatzar immediately after using the bathroom. <ref> Mishna Brurah 7:6. </ref> However, if one didn't say it immediately, many authorities hold that one can still say it for 72 minutes after going to the bathroom. <ref> Halacha Berura 7:5 writes that one has up to 72 minutes after having used the bathroom. Sh"t Yechave Daat 4:5 says that if you only remembered after 72 minutes to say the Bracha without Shem U'Malchut. </ref> Yet, other authorities say that one should not say past 30 minutes after going to the bathroom.<ref>Rivevot Efraim 8:2 writes that he originally ruled like Rav Ovadyah wrote in Yachave Daat (see previous note) that one may say it up until 72 minutes, however, after seeing many others who argued he said that one should be concerned for the opinion that says that one should not say it past 30 minutes after going to the bathroom. See also Rav Ovadyah in Yabia Omer 9:3 in his response to the author of the Revivot Efraim on this issue. See also Ben Ish Chai (Vayetze #12) who writes that one shouldn't say [[Asher Yatzar]] after 30 minutes after going to the bathroom.</ref>
# If one used the bathroom and forgot to say asher yatzar and then used the bathroom again, only one Bracha should be recited to cover both uses. <ref> S"A 7:3 says that asher yatzar should be recited twice. However, most achronim including Mishna Brurah 7:6, Kaf Hachayim 7:5, and Aruch HaShulchan 7:4 quote both possibilities and conclude that because of Safek [[Brachot]] Lihakel one should not say more than one Bracha. </ref> Additionally, the Aruch HaShulchan says that if one went to the bathroom but forgot to say [[Asher Yatzar]] and subsequently needed to relieve himself again, he should first relieve himself and then say one Bracha of [[Asher Yatzar]] <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 7:4 </ref>
# [[Asher Yatzar]] is an interesting Bracha because it never directly addresses the topic that it is about. <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 6:1 </ref> One reason for this type of formulation is because it isn't respectful to talk about relieving oneself overtly <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 6:1 </ref>
# There is a lot of meaning contained within [[Asher Yatzar]], for example, there are 45 words corresponding to the numerical value of the word "ADAM" <ref> Ben Ish Chai as quoted in Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen, Laws of everyday living. This gematria is only accurate for Sfardim who have 45 words in their version of [[Asher Yatzar]] </ref>
# Numerous explanations are given for the word beChachma. Rashi (<ref>[[Berachot]] 60b "Umafli") </ref> explains based on Bereishit Rabba 1:4 that it is referring to the fact that Hakadosh Baruch Hu can keep air inside a person even though he has so many holes in his body. Tosafot (<ref> [[Berachot]] 60b "asher") </ref> explains that it refers to the fact that G-d created man's sustenance before he created him. The Maharsha (<ref>[[Berachot]] 60b "asher) </ref> explains that it is referring to man, and that he was created as an intelligent being. The Lavush explains that it refers to the many different processes that are involved in man's digestion and excretion; including taking in the food, holding the food, absorbing the nutrients, and excreting the waste <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 6:2 brings all of these explanations </ref>
# Nekavim mainly references the mouth and the organ used for excretion but is written twice to include every orifice <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 6:2 </ref>

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