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 After relieving one's self, one is obligated to say the [[[Bracha]] of Asher Yatzar. ==Obligation==# Any time one goes to the bathroom (urinating or moving one's bowels) one is obligated to say the bracha Bracha of [[Asher YatzerYatzשr]]. <ref> S”A 7:1 based on a statement of Abaye in [[Berachot]] 60b writes that anytime that one goes to the bathroom one is obligated to say [[Asher YatzerYatzar]]. </ref>[[Asher Yatzar]] is said every time that one releases excrement, even if it was a minute amount <ref>S"A 7:4, Aruch HaShulchan 7:5, Teshuvot Harosh 4:1 </ref> This applies to both solid and liquid waste. <ref> Aruch Hashulchan 7:1 </ref># One should say asher yatzar immediately after using the bathroom. <ref> Mishna Brurah 7:6. </ref> However, if one didn't say it immediately, many authorities hold that one can still say it for 72 minutes after going to the bathroom. <ref> Halacha Berura 7:5 writes that one has up to 72 minutes after having used the bathroom. Sh"t Yechave Daat 4:5 says that if you only remembered after 72 minutes to say the beracha Bracha without shem uShem U'malchutMalchut. </ref> Yet, other authorities say that one should not say past 30 minutes after going to the bathroom.<ref>Rivevot Efraim 8:2 writes that he originally ruled like Rav Ovadyah wrote in Yachave Daat (see previous note) that one may say it up until 72 minutes, however, after seeing many others who argued he said that one should be concerned for the opinion that says that one should not say it past 30 minutes after going to the bathroom. See also Rav Ovadyah in Yabia Omer 9:3 in his response to the author of the Revivot Efraim on this issue. See also Ben Ish Chai (Vayetze #12) who writes that one shouldn't say [[Asher YatzerYatzar]] after 30 minutes after going to the bathroom.</ref># If one used the bathroom and forgot to say asher yatzar and then used the bathroom again, only one beracha Bracha should be recited to cover both uses. <ref> S"A 7:3 says that asher yatzar should be recited twice. However, most achronim including Mishna Brurah 7:6, Kaf Hachayim 7:5, and Aruch HaShulchan 7:4 quote both possibilities and conclude that because of safek Safek [[brachotBrachot]] lihakel Lihakel one should not say more than one brachaBracha. </ref> Additionally, the Aruch HaShulchan says that if one went to the bathroom but forgot to say [[Asher Yatzar]] and subsequently needed to relieve himself again, he should first relieve himself and then say one beracha Bracha of [[Asher Yatzar]] <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 7:4 </ref>
# A person who still feels an urge to go to the bathroom again immediately after using the bathroom (diarrhea), should only say asher yatzar when he feels like he has cleared his bowels. <ref> Mishna Brurah 7:2, Kaf Hachayim 7:2 </ref>
# Women are obligated to say [[Asher Yatzar]] as well. <ref> Ben Ish Chai Vayetze Halacha 15 </ref>
# If a person is unsure whether he recited asher yatzar or not, he should not recite it. <ref> Birkei Yosef 7:3 </ref>
==Asher Yatzer Yatzar as part of Birchot HaShachar==# In the morning, one who goes to the bathroom should make the Bracha of [[Asher YatzerYatzar]]. If one slept (more than 30 minutes) then, according to Ashkenazim, one should make the Bracha of [[Asher YatzerYatzar]] even if one didn’t go to the bathroom. <Ref> Rama 4:1 writes that one should make [[Asher YatzerYatzar]] even if one didn’t go to the bathroom. Mishna Brurah 4:3 comments that this is only true if one slept at night. </ref> However, according to Sephardim, one shouldn't say [[Asher YatzerYatzar]] unless one went to the bathroom.<ref>Kaf HaChaim 4:9</ref># If one woke in the middle of the night, one should make [[Asher YatzerYatzar]] then and another [[Asher YatzerYatzar]] in the morning. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 4:3 writes that it’s preferable to make [[Asher YatzerYatzar]] after one goes to the bathroom and not to push it off until [[Davening]], because it’s likely one will one go again and then not have made a [[Asher YatzerYatzar]] for the first time. </ref>
==General==
# Chazal instituted that one should recite [[Asher Yatzar]] after relieving oneself. The bracha Bracha was instituted for a person to give praise to Hashem for creating man with great wisdom. The Ben Ish Chai points out that the number of words in [[Asher Yatzar]] are 45, the Gematria of Adam and it has many secrets. <Ref>S”A 7:1, Ben Ish Chai Vayetseh #15</ref># One recites the bracha Bracha even if one only relieved oneself a minimal amount. Ideally, one should wash one's hands and recite [[Asher Yatzar]] immediately after coming out of the bathroom. However, one may recite the blessing as long as one does not feel the need to relieve oneself again. Once one feels the need to relieve oneself again, one should recites only one [[Asher Yatzar]] for both of them. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 7:2</Ref>
# According to Ashkenazim, because when one awakes in the morning one is considered to be a new being there are some who recite [[Asher Yatzar]] even if they have no need to relieve themselves. This is based on the pasuk: Emunatecha Rabba LeBekarim Chadashim, They are new every morning; great is your faithfulness<Ref>Eicha 3:23</Ref>. However, in order to be considered a new creation, one must have slept in his bed for at least a half hour after Halachik midnight. <Ref>Igrot Moshe 1:4:1, Kesot HaShulchan, 5:2</Ref>
# If no water is available to wash one's hands after relieving oneself, one should wipe one's hands on a piece of cloth or rub them against a hard surface such as a wall, and then recite [[Asher Yatzar]]. Later, when water becomes available, one should wash one's hands, but not repeat [[Asher YatzerYatzar]]. <Ref>Birkei Yosef 7:3, S”A 4:22</Ref>
==Understanding Asher Yatzar==
# [[Asher Yatzar]] is an interesting beracha Bracha because it never directly addresses the topic that it is about. <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 6:1 </ref> One reason for this type of formulation is because it isn't respectful to talk about relieving oneself overtly <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 6:1 </ref>
# There is a lot of meaning contained within [[Asher Yatzar]], for example, there are 45 words corresponding to the numerical value of the word "ADAM" <ref> Ben Ish Chai as quoted in Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen, Laws of everyday living. This gematria is only accurate for Sfardim who have 45 words in their version of [[Asher Yatzar]] </ref>
# Numerous explanations are given for the word beChachma. Rashi ([[Berachot]] 60b "Umafli") explains based on Bereishit Rabba 1:4 that it is referring to the fact that Hakadosh Baruch Hu can keep air inside a person even though he has so many holes in his body. Tosafot ([[Berachot]] 60b "asher") explains that it refers to the fact that G-d created man's sustenance before he created him. The Maharsha ([[Berachot]] 60b "asher) explains that it is referring to man, and that he was created as an intelligent being. The Lavush explains that it refers to the many different processes that are involved in man's digestion and excretion; including taking in the food, holding the food, absorbing the nutrients, and excreting the waste <ref> Aruch HaShulchan 6:2 brings all of these explanations </ref>

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