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==When is a new Bracha Rishona required?==
# As long as one didn’t have a interruption in one's train of thought ([[Hesech Hadaat]]), which will be clarified below, one doesn’t need to make a new [[Bracha Rishona]]. However, if one made a [[Bracha Achrona]], and one wants to eat again a new [[Bracha Rishona]] is needed. <ref> Beiur Halacha 190 s.v. Acher, Vezot HaBracha (pg 53, chapter 5) </ref># If one if planning on having coffee or tea for a length of time as one sits and learns, one [[Shehakol]] covers all the cups one drinks even there’s a long break between cups. <Ref> Sh”t Yachava Yechave Daat 6:11, Sh”t Yabia Omer O”C 6:27, Sh”t Chazon Ovadyah 1:18, Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 224) </ref>
# If one made a [[Bracha Rishona]] and waited 72 minutes one doesn’t need to make another [[Bracha Rishona]]. <Ref>Yalkut Yosef (vol 3, pg 227) </ref>
# If one made a [[Bracha Achrona]] only because one was afraid that Shuir Ikul would pass and one has intent to continue eating afterwards, one doesn’t need a new [[Bracha Rishona]] when one continues to eat. <Ref>Yalkut Yosef (Kitzur S”A 178:18) </ref>
# According to Sephardim, one One who went to the bathroom while eating fruit when one returns one should make in the middle of a snack need not recite a new Bracha on the fruitbracha upon returning. <Ref> Rama O.C. 178:7. Even though the Biur Halacha 178:7 writes that for a non-bread meal going to the bathroom would be an interruption, the Piskei Teshuvot 178:7 holds that nowadays when we have bathrooms indoors we don't recite a new bracha after going to the bathroom. Regarding Sephardim, even though Rav Ovadia Yosef (Halichot Olam (vol 1 pg 44) and codified in Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 330)) held that one should recite a bracha if one goes to the bathroom in the middle of a meal, later he retracted as is recorded in Yalkut Yosef (Brachot 5771 version, Halichot Olam 178:26). Halacha Brurah 178:23 agrees.</ref># If someone fell asleep in a temporary fashion it isn't considered an interruption for a bracha. If one went to sleep on one's bed it is considered an interruption.<ref>Shulchan Aruch OC 178:7 from Rosh Tanit, Halachos of Brachos p. 130</ref> Falling asleep in one's chair is generally considered a temporary sleep and isn't considered an interruption.<ref>Dirshu 178:37 citing Rav Sheinberg (vol 1 pg 44Chidushei Batra) </ref># If one davened in the middle of a snack the davening isn't considered an interruption to the bracha rishona.<ref>Tosfot Pesachim 102a s.v. vikru, Rosh Pesachim 10:24, and Shulchan Aruch O.C. 178:7 establish that davening isn't a hefsek to a meal. Kaf Hachaim 178:38 and Piskei Teshuvot 178:20 apply this to a snack just like a bread meal. The Taz 178:10 has an entirely different approach that rejects the Tosfot and Rosh and follows the opinion of Rabbenu Yom Tov that davening is a hefsek unless one left some of one's group at the first place.</ref> Some disagree.<ref>Aruch Hashulchan 178:15 writes that davening isn't considered an interruption for a bread meal but for other foods it is an interruption.</ref>
==Interruption of a mealBread Meal==# If one Davened in middle of a meal it’s not considered an interruption. <Ref>Tosfot Pesachim 102a s.v. vaakru proves from the gemara that if a party left the house to daven it isn't considered an interruption of a meal that davening in the middle of a meal isn't considered an interruption at all. Even though one can't eat while one is davening, nonetheless, it isn't an interruption. Rosh Pesachim 10:24, Shulchan Aruch O.C. 178:7, and Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 228) codify this. Shaar Hatziyun 178:42 accepts Shulchan Aruch and rejects the approach of Taz 178:10 who partially is interested in rejecting the Tosfot based on Rif Pesachim 24a.</ref>
# Sleeping in middle of a meal isn’t considered an interruption except that one needs to wash [[Netilat Yadayim]]. <Ref>Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 229) </ref>
# During a meal, if one touches areas of one's body which are supposed to be covered, one should wash [[Netilat Yadayim]] without a Bracha. <Ref> Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 331) </ref>
# Someone who went to the bathroom during a meal isn’t considered an interruption rather one should just make [[Netilat Yadayim]] and [[Asher Yatzer]] afterwards. <Ref>Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 330) </ref>
# If one said [[Shir HaMaalot]] it is not considered an interruption of the meal. <Ref>Piskei Teshuvot 179:4 </ref># Washing [[Mayim Achronim]] is considered an interruption of the meal and if one wants to eat afterwards one should recite a new bracha rishona and wash Mayim Achronim again. Ideally a person should not interrupt between the first Mayim Achronim and the Birkat Hamazon.<ref>Shulchan Aruch O.C. 179:1, Magen Avraham 179:2, Taz 179:1, Mishna Brurah 179:2</ref># Reciting the [[Zimmun]] is considered an interruption of the meal and if one wants to drink afterwards one should recite a new bracha rishona. Some say that food and drinks are the same for this halacha, while others say that food would not require a new bracha rishona after zimmun even though drinks would.<Ref>Shulchan Aruch O.C. 179:1</ref>==Mistaken Interruptions==# If a person thought that he finished eating because he didn't see that he had more of that type of food and then found more of that food there is a dispute whether or not a person is required to recite a new bracha rishona.<ref>Rav Poalim OC 2:34 based on Tevuot Shor 19:32 who thinks it isn't a hefsek and Mizbe'ach Adama 1d who thinks it is a hefsek.</ref> 

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