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I added an introduction and section titles, as well as moved around the sections, and did numerous minor edits
One should wash [[Netilat Yadayim]] before [[Tefillah]].==General==# If one doesn’t have water in order to wash [[Netilat Yadayim]] before [[Shacharit]] (and one hasn’t washed yet since [[waking up]]) or for [[Netilat Yadayim]] for [[Mincha]] or [[Maariv]], if one knows that one’s hands are unclean because of going to the bathroom or touching an unclean area, then if one was traveling one must travel up to 4 [[mil]] to get to water, or up to 1 [[mil]] if one has to go backwards for water. If one was at home one only has to travel up to 1 [[mil]]. <Ref>S”A 92:4 writes that if one doesn’t have water for [[Netilat Yadayim]] for [[Shacharit]] one must travel 4 [[mil]] or go back 1 [[mil]]. Mishna Brurah 233:20 adds that prior to [[Mincha]] or [[marivMaariv]] if one knows that one’s hands are dirty because one touched an unclean area or went to the bathroom, the same rule of traveling for water applies. Mishna Brurah 92:18 writes that one who is sitting at home only has to travel up to 1 [[mil]]. </ref># However, if one already washed upon arising and then had an interruption of a while to remove one’s thoughts from keeping one’s hands clean before [[Shacharit]] or prior to [[Mincha]] or [[marivMaariv]], then if there’s no water available then one only has to rub one’s hands on something that cleans them. <Ref> S”A 92:5 with Mishna Brurah 92:23, 26 and S”A 233:2 with Mishna Brurah 233:20 </ref># If one of the four conditions apply there’s no need to travel to get water and it’s enough to rub one’s hands: ## If one will miss the time for Shema and [[Tefillah]], <ref>S”A 92:4 </ref>## if one will lose money <ref> Ishei Yisrael 2:39 </ref>## if one will be unable to travel to where one needs to go to <ref> Mishna Brurah 92:16 </ref> or## if one will miss [[Davening with a minyan]]. <ref> Mishna Brurah 92:16 </ref># One must wash for [[minchaMincha]] as he must for [[shacharitShacharit]]. The same is true about [[arvitMaariv]] if there is a break between [[minchaMincha]] and [[arvitMaariv]] and [[Mussaf]] if there is a break between [[shacharitShacharit]] and [[Mussaf]]. <ref> Kitzur S"A 69:4. Mishna Brurah 233:17 adds that this washing is without a berachaBeracha. </ref>==Procedure for washing==# The washing should be done until the wrist. <Ref>Ishei Yisrael 8:19, Piskei Teshuvot 92:7, Kitzur S"A 69:4 </ref># The washing should be done with a Kli. <Ref>Piskei Teshuvot 92:7 </ref># If one washed for [[Mincha]] and didn’t remove one’s thoughts from keeping one’s clean, one doesn’t need to wash against before [[Mariv]]. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 233:16, Ishei Yisrael 27:23 </ref>==If one touched a covered area==# If in the middle of [[Davening]] one touched a covered area one should travel to get water unless one will miss [[Davening with a minyan|Davening with a Minyan]]. <Ref>Ishei Yisrael 2:40 </ref>
# If one remembers during [[Shemoneh Esrei]] that one touched a covered area one should just rub one’s hands on something to clean them. <Ref>Ishei Yisrael 2:40 </ref>
# If one washed for [[Mincha]] and didn’t remove one’s thoughts from keeping one’s clean, one doesn’t need to wash again before [[Mariv]]. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 233:16, Ishei Yisrael 27:23 </ref>
# If one learns before [[Davening]] one still needs to wash before [[Davening]] unless one washed during learning with explicit intent when washing that it should also be for the [[Davening]]. <Ref>Rama 233:2, Mishna Brurah 233:18 </ref>
# If one ate before [[Davening]], the washing one did for eating doesn’t suffice for [[Tefillah]] and one has to rewashwash again. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 233:18, See Daat Torah 92:4 who has a doubt whether [[Mayim Achronim]] can suffice for washing before [[Tefillah]]. </ref> However, if one had explicit intent and one was careful to keep one’s hands clean , one doesn’t need to wash before [[Tefillah]]. <Ref>Piskei Teshuvot 92:8 </ref>==Exceptions==# If one of the four conditions apply there’s no need to travel to get water, and it’s enough to rub one’s hands: # The washing should be done until # If one will miss the wrist. time for [[Shema]] and [[Tefillah]], <ref>S”A 92:4 </ref>## if one will lose money <Refref>Ishei Yisrael 8:19, Piskei Teshuvot 922:7, Kitzur S"A 69:4 39 </ref># The washing should # if one will be done with a Kli. unable to travel to where one needs to go to <Refref>Piskei Teshuvot Mishna Brurah 92:7 16 </ref>or# If # if one washed for will miss [[Mincha]] and didn’t remove one’s thoughts from keeping one’s clean, one doesn’t need to wash against before [[MarivDavening with a minyan|Davening with a Minyan]]. <Refref>Mishna Brurah 23392:16, Ishei Yisrael 27:23 </ref>
==Sources==

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