Difference between revisions of "Saying Birkat HaMazon"

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==Interruptions in Birkat HaMazon==
#REDIRECT [[Birkat HaMazon]]
# One shouldn’t interrupt Birkat HaMazon at all to answer or greet someone. <Ref>S”A 183:8 </ref>
==Saying it sitting==
# One should sit during Birkat HaMazon whether one ate while seated or standing for at least the four Brachot of Birkat HaMazon. <Ref>S”A 183:9, Mishna Brurah 183:31 </ref>
# If one was traveling on the road and ate while traveling he may say Birkat HaMazon also while traveling. <Ref>S”A 183:11, Mishna Brurah 183:36 </ref>
# One should sit while making a Bracha Achat Mein Shalosh at least when it’s for Mezonot (Al HaMichya). <Ref>S”A 183:10, Mishna Brurah 183:35 quoting the Gra </ref>
# It’s forbidden to make Birkat HaMazon or any Bracha while doing work. <Ref>S”A 183:12, Mishna Brurah 183:37 </ref>
==If one left where one ate==
# If one ate and left that place intentionally, one must return to the place where one ate and if one made Birkat HaMazon in the second place one has fulfilled one’s obligation after the fact. If one ate and left that place unintentionally, one should return to the place where one ate unless there’s a great need. <Ref>S”A 184:1, Mishna Brurah 184:5, 184:7 </ref>
# This is only the case if one doesn’t have bread with him in the second place, however, if one has bread  in the second place, one may eat it there (eat a piece even if it’s less than a Kezayit) and then make Birkat HaMazon there. (This doesn’t mean that one may leave one’s place initially but only in a after the fact situation.) <Ref>S”A 184:2 </ref>
# According to Ashkenazim, Al HaMichya should be said in the place where one ate and so if one left it would have the same law as Birkat HaMazon. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 184:12 quoting the Gra </ref>
==If one is in doubt if one said Birkat HaMazon==
# If one ate and was full and now is unsure whether one said Birkat HaMazon, preferably one should have another Kezayit (upon which one should wash and say HaMotzei) and then say Birkat HaMazon, however, the strict law is that one should said Birkat HaMazon in cases of doubt. <Ref>S”A 184:4, Mishna Brurah 184:15, Kaf HaChaim 184:15 </ref>
# If a person ate bread and is full but is in doubt whether he said Birkat HaMazon, one must go back and say Birkat HaMazon. According to Ashkenazim, one should say the entire Birkat HaMazon, whereas according to Sephardim, one should only say the first 3 Brachot. <Ref> S”A 184:4 rules that if a person is in doubt whether he said birkat hamazon he has to go back and say it since birkat hamazon is deoritta we don’t apply the general rule of Safek Brachot Lehakel. Mishna Brurah 184:13 comments that when one repeats the benching one must say all four Brachot even though the forth one is only derabbanan so that people don’t disregard it’s importance. However, the Sephardic achronim including the Kaf HaChaim (184:15) and Yalkut Yosef (Brachot pg 282) argue that since the forth Bracha is derabbanan we apply the rule of Safek Brachot without concern for a remote possibility of those who will degrade the forth Bracha. </ref>
# If a person ate a Kezayit of bread but wasn’t full, and now is in doubt whether he said Birkat HaMazon he shouldn’t go back and make Birkat HaMazon, but it’s preferable to wash again, make Hamotzei, eat a Kezayit and make Birkat HaMazon. <Ref> S"A 184:4. Mishna Brurah 184:15 writes that according to many Rishonim only if one ate and is full is one Biblically obligated, therefore if one only had a kezayit and is in doubt whether he said Birkat HaMazon one shouldn’t go back and say it out of doubt, rather it’s preferable to wash again, make hamotzei, eat a kezayit and make Birkat HaMazon. So rules Yalkut Yosef (Brachot 286). </ref>
# If a person ate bread and is still thirsty becuase he didn't drink enough during the meal and now has a doubt whether he said Birkat HaMazon, some say he should repeat Birkat HaMazon and some say not to repeat it. <ref> yalkut Yosef (Brachot pg 289) writes that since the opinion of S"A is that even if one is still thirsty the obligation of Birkat HaMazon is Deoritta, in cases of doubt one should go back and say Birkat HaMazon. However, Kaf HaChaim 184:26, Ben Ish Chai. and Or Letzion 13:6 hold that since there's an opinion that Birkat HaMazon is only Derabbanan if one is still thirsty one shouldn't go back and say Birkat HaMazon. </ref>
# A women who ate bread and is unsure whether she said Birkat HaMazon, she should hear it from someone else or wash again and make another HaMotzei to remove herself from doubt. However, if that's impossible, Ashkenazim hold that she may say Birkat HaMazon, but according to Sephardim she is not supposed Birkat HaMazon out of doubt. <ref> Ben Ish Chai Chukat 9, Kaf HaChaim 184:25, Rabbi Ovadyah Yosef in Sh"t Yacheve Daat 6:10, and Halacha Brurah 184:10 (explained in Sh"t Otzerot Yosef 7:7)hold that a women is possibly obligated Deoritta and so in a case of doubt we revert to the rule of Safek Brachot and so a women wouldn't return and make the bracha. However, the Mishna Brurah 186:3 holds that there's enough to rely on for a women to go back and make Birkat HaMazon if she wants. So holds Rabbi Binyamin Zilber quoted in VeZot HaBracha (pg 351). </ref>
==How long does one have to say Birkat HaMazon?==
# If one forgot to make Birkat HaMazon right away, one may make the Bracha as long as one is full. <ref>Yalkut Yosef (Brachot pg 300), Vezot HaBracha (chap 5, pg 49) quoting S"A 184:5 </ref>
# However, if one just had a Kezayit and isn't full, one should try to make the Birkat HaMazon right away and if one didn't one may only make Birkat HaMazon up to 72 minutes after one ate. <ref> Yalkut Yosef (Brachot pg 300), Mishna Brurah 184:20 </ref> Some add that if one waited more than a half hour it's preferable to have another Kezayit of bread before making Birkat HaMazon. <ref>Vezot HaBracha (chap 5, pg 50) </ref>
# If one has a very long meal and continues to have appetizers or drinks, one may make the Birkat HaMazon as long as the meal continues even 4 or 5 hours. <ref> Mishna Brurah 184:18, Vezot HaBracha (chap 5, pg 50), Yalkut Yosef (Brachot pg 301) </ref> One should have something to eat or drink every 72 minutes, however, if one didn't then one may still say Birkat HaMazon. <ref>Vezot HaBracha (chap 5, pg 51) quoting the Magan Avraham 184:9 </ref>
==Minimum amount of bread==
# One only makes Birkat HaMazon if one ate a Kezayit of bread. <Ref>S”A 184:6 </ref>
==In any language==
# It’s preferable to say Birkat Hamazon in Hebrew, but strictly speaking it is permissible to say it in any language one understands. <Ref>S”A 185:1, Mishna Brurah 185:1 </ref>
==Saying it aloud==
# One should say Birkat HaMazon loud enough that one can hear oneself say the words, however if one said it quietly one fulfills one’s obligation as long as one enunciated the words with one’s lips and didn’t just read or think it. <ref>S”A 185:2, Mishna Brurah 185:2 </ref>
# It’s better to say Birkat HaMazon out loud in order to inspire having proper intent and also on Shabbat and Yom Tov it’ll help make sure one doesn’t forget adding the appropriate paragraphs. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 185:3 </ref>
==If one is drunk==
# One may say Birkat Hamazon even if one is slightly drunk and is unable to speak properly but still would be able to speak before a king, however, if one is unable to speak properly and can’t speak before a king one should try to say Birkat HaMazon before reaching that point, but one may still say Birkat HaMazon. <Ref>S”A 185:4-5, Mishna Brurah 185:6 </ref>
# However, if one is totally drunk like Lot one certainly may not say Birkat HaMazon and if one did one should say Birkat Hamazon again when one is sober but still hasn’t digested the food yet (and isn’t hungry again). <Ref>Mishna Brurah 185:6 </ref>
# It’s forbidden to say any Bracha or Torah within 4 amot of feces. However, after the fact, if one said Birkat HaMazon one should say birkat hamazon again, but if one said Birkat Mazon within 4 amot of urine one doesn’t go back to make Birkat Hamazon. <Ref>S”A 185:4, Mishna Brurah 185:7-8 </ref>
==Women’s obligation==
# There is a dispute whether women are obligated in Birkat HaMazon on Torah level or only Rabbinically. Therefore, if a women ate bread and is full and is now unsure whether she said Birkat HaMazon, there’s is a dispute whether she should say it to be sure and there’s what to rely on to make it to be sure. Additionally, a women can fulfill the obligation of a man if he listens to her Birkat HaMazon, however, she shouldn’t fulfill his obligation if the man ate to satisfaction but rather one if he ate a kezayit and not to satisfaction. <Ref>Mishna Brurah 186:3 </ref>
==If doesn't its entirety==
# If one only knows the first three Brachot of Birkat haMazon one should say those Brachot, however, if one only knows some of the Brachot and doesn’t know the first three Brachot, according to Sephardim, he shouldn’t say Birkat HaMazon at all, but according to Ashkenazim, if he was full then he should say the Brachot he knows. <Ref>S”A 194:3, Mishna Brurah 194:13 </ref>

Latest revision as of 21:05, 18 October 2011

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