Respecting a Sefer Torah

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Standing for the Sefer Torah

  1. One must stand for a sefer torah when it is being carried around out of respect for it. [1]
  2. If the aron kodesh is open and the sefer torah inside is at rest, some poskim say that one must still stand up. [2] Others are lenient. [3]
  3. There is a discussion in the poskim if one must stand for a pasul sefer torah. [4]

Sources

  1. Rambam Tefillin Mezuza and Sefer Torah 10:9, Sh"t Rashba 3:281, Shulchan Aruch YD 282:2, Gemara Kiddushin 33b says that just as one must stand for a talmid chacham, one certainly must stand for a sefer torah.
  2. Sh"t Chatam Sofer CM 73
  3. Iggerot Moshe 5:38:4. Taz YD 242:13 writes that if the torah is in the aron kodesh or on the bimah, it is in a different reshut and one doesn't need to stand
  4. While Aruch Hashulchan YD 282:4 is lenient, Noda Biyehuda YD 71 (quoted in Piskei Teshuvot 146) is strict. Rav Chaim Kanievsky (Dirshu Mishna Brura 146:note 19) says that there is no obligation to stand but the minhag is to stand.