Preparation for Shabbat

From Halachipedia
Revision as of 13:00, 5 September 2011 by ChachamY (talk | contribs)

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Preparing food for Shabbat

  1. One should make sure to buy one's food for Shabbat on Friday and not before unless one feels that one won't be able to find those items if one only goes to the store on Friday. [1]
  2. One must pray before going to buy one's food for Shabbat and if one regularly learns one should not change one's practice and only buy the food afterwards unless there's a fear that one will loose the opportunity to buy the food in which case one should delay one's learning.[2]
  3. If there's a fear that if one waits until after davening one may loose the opportunity to buy one's food for Shabbat before prayer but one should at least say Shema beforehand. [3]
  4. Even if one had many helpers or family members preparing for Shabbat one should make an effort to personally be involved in preparing for Shabbat. [4]
  5. There's a righteous practice to taste the food for Shabbat on Friday in order to know whether it's spiced and tasty. [5]

Eating on Friday

  1. One is not allowed to eat a meal that’s unusual to eat during the rest of the week. [6]
  2. However, if the meal is for a Brit Milah or Pidyon HaBen it’s permitted. [7]
  3. Strict halacha permits one to eat an amount that’s normal for a meal of everyday of the week, however it’s one isn’t allowed to make into a meal with bread after 9 hours (in Shaot Zmaniot). [8]
  4. It’s totally permissible to have a snack the entire day of Friday and there’s no preference not to eat after 9 hours. [9]
  5. Past the 9th hour, one shouldn’t drink so much that one won’t be hungry for the Shabbat meal. [10]

References

  1. Gemara Shabbat 117b writes that a pperson should get up early on Friday to prepare for Shabbat. So rules S"A 250:1. Mishna Brurah 250:2 explains that the reason is that by purchasing food for Shabbat on Friday it's more recognizable that one is preparing for Shabbat than if one were to buy the food on Thursday. He adds that if there's a fear that one won't be able to buy one's food on Friday then one may do so on Thursday. So rules Menuchat Ahava (vol 1, 2:1).
  2. Mishna Brurah 250:1, Menuchat Ahava (vol 1, 2:1)
  3. Mishna Brurah 250:1, Menuchat Ahava (vol 1, 2:1)
  4. S"A 250:1
  5. Magan Avraham 250:1, Menuchat Ahava (vol 1, 2:3)
  6. S”A 249:2 writes that it’s forbidden to eat a feast that’s not usual for everyday on Friday even a meal for a mitzvah like Seudat Eirusin.
  7. Rama 249:2 writes that if the meal of a mitzvah that has a set time such as Brit Milah and Pidyon HaBen one can have the meal even on Friday. Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat vol 1 pg 62) agrees and adds that preferably one should have the meal before Chatzot. Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat vol 1 pg 531) writes that even a meal for a Brit Milah that has been pushed off is permissible on Friday.
  8. S”A 249:2 writes that halachically it’s permissible to have a meal the whole day, because we hold like Rabbi Yose in Pesachim 98b. However, even Rabbi Yose agrees that establishing a meal is forbidden after 9 hours.
  9. S”A 249:2 who writes that one can have a snack the whole day and preferably one shouldn’t have a normal meal after 9 hours. Mishna Brurah 249:15 writes this explicitly that a snack is permitted the whole day.
  10. Mishna Brurah 249:14 writes that the permit o have snacks the whole day doesn’t include drinks. He concludes that one should at least be careful from 9 hours and on not to have too much that one won’t be hungry for the Shabbat meal.