Korbanot

From Halachipedia
Revision as of 04:40, 4 July 2010 by ChachamY (talk | contribs) (Created page with '==Pre-Shacharit== # After Brachot HaShachar and putting on Tefillin, one recites Parsha of the Akeda followed by the Ribbono Shel Olam Keshem SheKavash. <ref>S”A 1:5 writes tha…')

(diff) ← Older revision | Approved revision (diff) | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pre-Shacharit

  1. After Brachot HaShachar and putting on Tefillin, one recites Parsha of the Akeda followed by the Ribbono Shel Olam Keshem SheKavash. [1]
  2. The Sephardic minhag is to say the pasuk of VeShachat Otto after the Parsha of the Akeda. [2]

Korbanot

  1. Before the Parshiot Korbanot, one should recite the pasuk VeShechat Otto. [3]
  2. One should say the parshat Ketoret everyday before Shacharit. [4]
  3. Some say that one should recite the Parshat HaMaan everyday, however the Minhag is not to say it. [5]
  4. Some say that one should recite the Aseret HaDibrot everyday, however it’s forbidden to say it as a congregation and the minhag is not to say it at all. [6]
  5. The obligation to say Korbanot really includes saying the Parshat Olah, Parshat Mincha, Parshat Todah, Parshat Shlamim, Parshat Chatat, and Parshat Asham. However, the minhag is to fulfill one’s obligation with just reading the perek of Eizhu Mekoman. [7]
  6. One may sit during Korbanot, however, it’s preferable to stand, especially for Parshat Tamid. [8]
  7. One is allowed to say the Parshiot Korbanot on Shabbat and Yom Tov but one should refrain from saying the Yehee Ratzon. [9]

Who’s obligated in Korbanot?

  1. On Shabbat and Yom Tov, a person should say the Korbanot, but a Talmid Chacham should instead learn the Parsha of the day. [10]
  2. Women aren’t obligated to say Korbanot, but it’s proper to say them just like men. [11]
  3. A mourner doesn’t say the Korbanot [12]
    1. S”A 1:5 writes that one should recite the parsha of the Akeda. The reasons given in Bet Yosef 1:5 and the achronim is to pray to Hashem to remember the Akeda and also inculcate the message of subjugating the Yetzer HaRah like Avraham Avinu.
    2. S”A 1:8 writes that that together with the Parshat Korbanot one should recite the pasuk of VeShachat Otto (Vayikra 1:11). In addition to this, the Chida (Kesher Gudal 24:3), Ben Ish Chai (Od Yosef Chai, Mekatz 2e), and Halacha Brurah 1:12 write that the Sephardic Minhag is say this pasuk after the Parshat Akeda (in addition to saying it with the Parshat Korbanot). However, Kaf HaChaim 1:30 writes in the name of the Rashash and a local Minhag that doesn’t say this pasuk.
    3. S”A 1:8 writes that that together with the Parshat Korbanot one should recite the pasuk of VeShachat Otto (Vayikra 1:11).
    4. Halacha Brurah 1:18
    5. Halacha Brurah 1:13
    6. S”A 1:5 writes that one should say the Aseret HaDibrot daily. The Rama adds that it must be say in private because saying it as a congregation was forbidden by the Rabbis so that the heretics don’t say that this is the whole Torah. Nonetheless, Chida (Ayin Tov 10) and Halacha Brurah 1:14 write that the minhag is not to say it at all like the Arizal (Hakdama to Shaar HaKavana)
    7. Tur and S”A 1:5 write that there’s an obligation to say the Parshat Korbanot including the parshiot of Olah, Mincha, Todah, Shlamim, Chatat, and Asham. However, Sh”t Lev Chaim 1:11, Bnei Tzion 1:4 allow one to only say Eizhu Makoman and fulfill one’s obligation with that.
    8. The Olot Tamid 1:8 writes that the Korbanot should be said standing since the actual Korbanot in the Bet HaMikdash were brought standing. This is brought down in the Magan Avraham 48:1, Yad Aharon (on the tur 1:3; in name of the Arizal), Emek Bracha (Siman 18), and Bear Hetiev 1:12. However, Shalmei Tzibur (pg 62a) writes that it’s from the Arizal that one should sit. The Mateh Yehuda 1:8 concludes that it’s no more than a chumra since the requirements of Korbanot only encompass the general laws of Korbanot such as saying them during the day, however, the actual details carried out by the cohen isn’t applicable to our saying the Korbanot. To this, many achronim agree including Tevuot Shor (pg 109a), Eliyah Rabba 1:10, Birkei Yosef 1:14, Machzik Bracha 48, Kesher Gudal 7:22, Maamer Mordechai 102:2, Kisei Eliyahu 48, Sh”t Lev Chaim 1:13, Ruach Chaim 1:32, and Halacha Brurah 1:17. Mishna Brurah 48:1 writes in name of the Pri Megadim that one only needs to stand for Parshat HaTamid.
    9. Mishna Brurah 1:17 in name of the Shlah.
    10. (1) Knesset HaGedolah (on Tur 1:1) writes in name of the Shetei Yadot that one should say Korbanot on Shabbat and adds that such is the Minhag. Pekudat Elazar (Siman 1), Halacha Brurah 1:12, and Yalkut Yosef (Sherit Yosef 1 pg 9) write that the minhag is to say Korabnot on Shabbat. (2) Magan Avraham 1:11 and Mishna Brurah 1:17 quote the Shlah that one can say the Korbanot, but there’s no obligation, and so a Talmid Chacham should preferably study the parsha of the day instead of saying Korbanot. (3) However, the Maharam Nigrin (quoted by the Knesset HaGedolah 1:1) says that the Korbanot don’t need to be said on Shabbat. Machzik Bracha 1:11 writes that the minhag is not to say Korbanot on Shabbat. (4) Some argue that Parshat Akeda specifically isn’t on Shabbat, however, Mishna Brurah 1:13 writes that one can say it on Shabbat like Korbanot and Halacha Brurah 1:17 writes that such is the minhag.
    11. In the discussion of women making Brachot HaTorah the poskim bring up the idea that women should make Birchot HaTorah as they are obligated in some portions of Torah. The Agur (quoted by the Bet Yosef 47) includes the Parshiot HaKorbanot on the list because Tefilah was in place of the Korbanot and women are obligated in Tefilah. This is quoted by the Levush (47), Taz (47:10; he only mentions Parshat Tamid), and Magan Avraham 47:14. Accordingly, Sh”t Lev Chaim 1:15 and Malbim in Artzot HaChaim (Lev HaAretz 6) write that women must say the Korbanot. However, Mor UKesiah (47) writes that women aren’t obligated in Korbanot and they are only obligated in Tefilah since that’s a request from Hashem. Sh”t Yosef Ometz 67 and Halacha Brurah 1:17 write that it’s not an absolute chiyuv on women.
    12. Mishna Brurah 1:17