Kavod Shabbat

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  1. Some hold that the primary obligation of Kavod and Oneg Shabbat is Deoritta. Wearing nice clothes is Kavod Shabbat and eating special foods is Oneg Shabbat. [1]
  2. Having special food for the Shabbat meals for Kavod Shabbat shouldn’t be less than 2 cooked dishes. Additionally, for Kavod Shabbat one should try to have fish unless one hates it or doesn’t digest it well. [2]
  3. Even someone who doesn’t have a lot of money, has to make an extra effort to fulfill Kavod Shabbat and have something special even it’s a small fish. [3] Such a person should save up money or food from the rest of the days of the week so that he can have something special for Shabbat. [4]
  4. Only someone who is so poor who really has very little (only 2 meals to eat on Shabbat), and is unable to borrow from others, for him it’s better to have Shabbat without anything special in order not to rely on others for money. [5]
  5. However, the above is about someone who has enough money that he doesn’t need to take Tzedaka, however, someone who needs to take Tzedaka, he should get the appropriate amount to respect Shabbat properly. [6]
  6. It’s Kavod Shabbat to do one’s laundry from Thursday prior to Shabbat so that one’s clothes are clean and fresh for Shabbat. [7] Laundry should be done before Friday so that one has time to prepare for Shabbat. [8]

References

  1. Mishna Brurah 242:1
  2. Mishna Brurah 242:2
  3. S”A 242:1, Mishna Brurah 242:1 explains that this applies even to someone who only has money for 3 meals on Shabbat and for just a little bit more.
  4. S”A 242:1, Mishna Brurah 242:1
  5. S”A 242:1, Mishna Brurah 242:1 explains that it only applies to someone who is so poor that he doesn’t have 2 meals for Shabbat and Mishna Brurah 242:3 adds that this is only someone who can’t borrow money.
  6. Mishna Brurah 242:1
  7. S”A 242:1, Mishna Brurah 242:5
  8. S”A 242:1 writes that laundry should be done on Thursday. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (42 note 13) writes in name of Rav Shlomo Zalman that one may do laundry earlier in the week. Additionally, Mishna Brurah 242:5 explains that it should be done on Friday so that one has time to prepare for Shabbat. However, Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (42 note 13) suggests that perhaps nowadays that it’s easy and quick to do laundry it’s permitted to do it on Friday. So holds Yalkut Yosef (Shabbat vol 1 pg 13), and Piskei Teshuvot 242:3 writes that such is the Minhag. However, Rav Menashe Klein (author of Mishneh Halachot) in back of Piskei Teshuvot vol 3 writes that nowadays one should still do it on Thursday and not Friday.