Geonim

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Klalim

  1. The term "Geonim" generally refers to those who lived between the Savoraim and the Rif, though the institution of Geonim did extend beyond then. Some say that the term Gaon is short for "Rosh Yeshivat Gaon Yaakov,"[1] while others claim it was reserved for those who were experts in all sixty Masechtot of Shas, corresponding to the Gematria of גאון.[2]
  2. The monograph on Hilchot Tefillin from the times of the Geonim is claimed by some to be super authoritative, as "the words of the Geonim are tradition" (דבריהם דברי קבלה) in that they had access to the first edition of Talmud Bavli, which was clearer than ours. At the same time, a number of Rishonim poke holes in the work and argue it shouldn't be followed when it contradicts Talmud Bavli.[3]

Sources

  1. https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/gaon
  2. Yad Malachi (Klalei HaGeonim 1)
  3. Yad Malachi (Klalei HaGeonim 2). The Korban Netanel (Klalim 7) writes how the Rosh believed Rabbeinu Chananel's authority by power of Divrei Kabbalah to be superior in Halacha, not just Girsaot. See also Klalei Bahag.