Entering a Church
Revision as of 16:51, 8 October 2018 by YitzchakSultan
- Some hold that entering a church nowadays is a serious prohibition, while entering a mosque is permitted.
- It is permitted to enter a church in order to save someone's life such as if one is a paramedic or a firefighter.
- If a person who does maintenance on air conditioning units and is asked to fix one in a church and if he doesn't do so would lose a significant amount of money should not enter a church. He can hire a non-Jew to hire another non-Jew to enter in order to fix it.
- It is permitted to enter a church to save one's life.
- The Rambam (Avoda Zara 9:4) considers Christianity to be avoda zara. There is a large discussion within the opinion of Tosfot (Sanhedrin 63b s.v. asur) whether Christianity is considered avoda zara for non-Jews considering that they believe in the Trinity, which is a slight deviation from narrow monotheism. The opinion of Tosfot is cited by Rama OC 156. Pitchei Teshuva YD 147:2 cites the Nodeh BeYehuda YD 148 who writes that the opinion of Tosfot is that Christianity is avoda zara just not for the purposes of swearing by the name of a pagan God. Rav Soloveitchik (Nefesh HaRav p. 230) quoted Rav Chaim as supporting the approach of the Nodeh BeYehuda.
- The Rambam (Maachalot Asurot 11:7) considers Islam not to be avoda zara.
- Yabia Omer YD 2:11 and YD 7:12 holds that entering a church is forbidden but entering a mosque is permitted. Igrot Moshe YD 3:129:6 agrees that entering a church is forbidden even if one is just going to look at the artwork. Tzitz Eliezer 14:91 holds that entering a church or a mosque is forbidden.
- Rav Mordechai Halpern on yeshiva.org.il explained that it is a concern of ayvah not to save someone's life in a church building and that concern of pikuach nefesh allows one to enter.
- Shulchan Aruch YD 157:3