Difference between revisions of "Cosmetics"

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# While the Biblical prohibition of [[dyeing]] is only something that will be colored permanently, there is still a Rabbinic prohibition on creating a temporary coloring effect. Therefore, cosmetics such as: rouges, lipsticks, eye shadow, and others which add color to the skin albeit for a short amount of time, are still forbidden to use on [[Shabbos]]. <ref>Rambam Hilchos [[Shabbos]] 22:23, S.A. 303:25, Mishna Brurah 303:79, Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)</ref>
 
# While the Biblical prohibition of [[dyeing]] is only something that will be colored permanently, there is still a Rabbinic prohibition on creating a temporary coloring effect. Therefore, cosmetics such as: rouges, lipsticks, eye shadow, and others which add color to the skin albeit for a short amount of time, are still forbidden to use on [[Shabbos]]. <ref>Rambam Hilchos [[Shabbos]] 22:23, S.A. 303:25, Mishna Brurah 303:79, Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)</ref>
 
==Soap==
 
==Soap==
# Some poskim hold that it is permitted to use a bar of soap on Shabbat because one doesn't intend of smoothing out the bar of soap or creating any soap suds. <ref>According to Chacham Ovadia Yosef (Sh"t Yechave Daat 2:50), it is permitted to use a bar of soap or liquid soap on [[shabbat]] because one has no intention of changing anything. One only intends clean what he is washing. </ref> On the opposite extreme some poskim hold that it is forbidden to use either bar or liquid soap on Shabbat.<ref>According to Rabbi Moshe Feinstein (Sh"t Igrot Moshe OC 1:113) it is forbidden to use a bar of soap and it is forbidden to use liquid soap on [[shabbat]]. </ref> However, according to the majority of poskim, one may not use a bar of soap but one may use liquid soap on Shabbat.<ref>According to Chacham Ben-Zion Abba-Shaul (Sh"t Or Litzion 2:35:5), one may not use a bar of soap but one may use liquid soap on [[shabbat]]. [http://www.dailyhalacha.com/m/halacha.aspx?id=932 Rabbi Eli Mansour], Aruch Hashulchan 326:11, and Ketzot Hashulchan 146:32 agree. Kitzur Hilchot [[Shabbat]] pg. 74 says this is the common practice. See also Shemirat Shabbat Kihilchita 14:16. [http://www.yutorah.org/sidebar/lecture.cfm/798018/rabbi-hershel-schachter/shiur-11-shabbos-memachaik-memare-ach/ Rav Schachter (Shabbat Shiur 11)] explained that it is questionable to forbid using a liquid soap since the resultant sods created as very temporary.</ref>
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# According to Chacham Ovadia Yosef, it is permitted to use a bar of soap or liquid soap on [[shabbat]] because one has no intention of changing anything. One only intends clean what he is washing. <ref> Sh"t Yechave Daat 2:50 </ref>  
# Some poskim it is permitted to use foam handsoap on Shabbat.<Ref>[http://www.yutorah.org/sidebar/lecture.cfm/798018/rabbi-hershel-schachter/shiur-11-shabbos-memachaik-memare-ach/ Rav Schachter (Shabbat Shiur 11)]
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# According to Chacham Ben-Zion Abba-Shaul, one may not use a bar of soap but one may use liquid soap on [[shabbat]]. <ref> Sh"t Or Litzion 2:35:5, [http://www.dailyhalacha.com/m/halacha.aspx?id=932 Rabbi Eli Mansour] </ref> Aruch Hashulchan 326:11 and Ketzot Hashulchan 146:32 agree. Kitzur Hilchot [[Shabbat]] pg. 74 says this is the common practice. see also Shemirat [[Shabbat]] Kihilchita 14:16.
held that using foamy soap is permitted since changing the liquid into a foam and using it since the result is very temporary before it is washed down the drain.</ref>
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# According to Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, it is forbidden to use a bar of soap and it is forbidden to use liquid soap on [[shabbat]]. <ref> Sh"t Igrot Moshe OC 1:113 </ref>
# If one used a scented soap to clean one’s hands it is permitted to dry one’s hands on a towel.<ref>Ginat Veradim OC 3:16 writes that it is permitted to use rose water to clean your hands and to dry them on a towel since there’s no prohibition of molid when it is unintentional. Molid is only a derabbanan and if one doesn’t intend for it it isn’t an issue of a pesik reisha. This is also the opinion of the Maharshal (Yam Shel Shlomo Beitzah 2:34). Rav Avraham Antebi writes that the Syrian minhag was to use rose water on Shabbat for washing hands.</ref>
 
  
 
==Cutting Nails or Hair==
 
==Cutting Nails or Hair==
 
# It is forbidden to cut nails or hair on [[shabbat]] or sever them in any way. <ref> S''A, Orach Chaim, 340.1 </ref>
 
# It is forbidden to cut nails or hair on [[shabbat]] or sever them in any way. <ref> S''A, Orach Chaim, 340.1 </ref>
# On the night of her tevila in the mikveh, a woman may have her nails cut by a non-Jew.<ref> Mishna Brura 340:3 quoting the Magen Avraham </ref>
 
 
 
==Lipstick==
 
==Lipstick==
 
# It is forbidden for a woman to apply lipstick on [[shabbat]]. <ref> Yabia Omer 6.37, Igrot Mosher Orach Chaim 1.114, Menuchat Ahava 13.6 </ref>
 
# It is forbidden for a woman to apply lipstick on [[shabbat]]. <ref> Yabia Omer 6.37, Igrot Mosher Orach Chaim 1.114, Menuchat Ahava 13.6 </ref>
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# Some Poskim go as far as to prohibit intentional suntanning as this leaves a permanent color on the skin<ref> Minchas Yitzchok 5:32</ref>. [It should be noted that not all Poskim concur with this ruling, and everyone holds that it is permitted to merely sit outside if there is no intention of tanning, even if one will be pleased with the results.]<ref>Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) </ref>
 
# Some Poskim go as far as to prohibit intentional suntanning as this leaves a permanent color on the skin<ref> Minchas Yitzchok 5:32</ref>. [It should be noted that not all Poskim concur with this ruling, and everyone holds that it is permitted to merely sit outside if there is no intention of tanning, even if one will be pleased with the results.]<ref>Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) </ref>
 
==Makeup removal==
 
==Makeup removal==
# While putting on makeup, is in many cases ossur, removing it is permitted. However, it is preferable to be use a disposable tissue, so as to avoid questions of&nbsp;coloring the cloth or towel&nbsp;being used<ref>M.B. 320:59</ref>. One should also avoid using nail polish remover<ref>Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (vol 3, chap 14, note 79)</ref>.
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# While putting on makeup, is in many cases ossur, removing it is permitted. However, it is preferable to be use a disposable tissue, so as to avoid questions of&nbsp;coloring the cloth or towel&nbsp;being used<ref>M.B. 320:59</ref>. One should also avoid using nail polish remover<ref>Shemirat [[Shabbat]] KeHilchata (vol 3, chap 14, note 79)</ref>.
 
==Smoothing cremes==
 
==Smoothing cremes==
 
# As stated above there is another concern aside for coloring, when dealing with lotions and that is [[Memachek]] ([[smoothing]]).&nbsp;Therefore, the use of lipstick or even non colored chap stick are prohibited under this Melacha<ref>Igros Moshe O.C. 1:114</ref>. Skin blemish concealers, hand creams (Nivea, Eucerin),Vaseline, rouge creams, moisturizers, toothpaste, lotions and the like are all prohibited&nbsp;under [[Memachek]] as well<ref>Rashi ([[Shabbos]] 146b D"h Mishchah), Rambam ([[Shabbat]] 13:11), Shulchan Aruch 314:11, Mishna Brurah 314:45, Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)</ref>.
 
# As stated above there is another concern aside for coloring, when dealing with lotions and that is [[Memachek]] ([[smoothing]]).&nbsp;Therefore, the use of lipstick or even non colored chap stick are prohibited under this Melacha<ref>Igros Moshe O.C. 1:114</ref>. Skin blemish concealers, hand creams (Nivea, Eucerin),Vaseline, rouge creams, moisturizers, toothpaste, lotions and the like are all prohibited&nbsp;under [[Memachek]] as well<ref>Rashi ([[Shabbos]] 146b D"h Mishchah), Rambam ([[Shabbat]] 13:11), Shulchan Aruch 314:11, Mishna Brurah 314:45, Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)</ref>.
 
==Lotions==
 
==Lotions==
 
# As long as the lotion has a thin and pourable consistency like that of oil<ref>Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) quoting  R' Nosson Kupshitz Shlita</ref> it would be permitted to use (providing that it is not medicinal, as then one would have to ask a shailo regarding the [[Refuah]] aspect). Therefore, one may apply most forms of sunblock lotion on an infant (or himself for that matter) as they are of very loose consistency.<ref>Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) quoting  R' Nosson Kupshitz Shlita</ref>
 
# As long as the lotion has a thin and pourable consistency like that of oil<ref>Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) quoting  R' Nosson Kupshitz Shlita</ref> it would be permitted to use (providing that it is not medicinal, as then one would have to ask a shailo regarding the [[Refuah]] aspect). Therefore, one may apply most forms of sunblock lotion on an infant (or himself for that matter) as they are of very loose consistency.<ref>Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) quoting  R' Nosson Kupshitz Shlita</ref>
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==Deodorant==
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# It is permissible to use a spray or roll on deodorant. It is however actually prohibited to stain clothing on Shabbat. One puts on deodorant, then puts on a shirt, even if during the week, one puts on a shirt, then puts the deodorant through the head hole, takes off the cover, then puts it on.
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# If possible, it is prohibited to use stick deodorant on Shabbat, even if one wants to.
 +
 
==Credits==
 
==Credits==
 
# Special thanks to Rabbi Heshy Kahn for this article.
 
# Special thanks to Rabbi Heshy Kahn for this article.

Revision as of 15:18, 21 October 2015

Background

  1. With so many new cosmetics on the market today the question of using these products on Shabbos becomes very relevant. Some background information may shed some light on what the possible problems may be in regards to Hilchos Shabbos. One Melacha to be aware of, is the act of dyeing (Tzoveya), which was done to color the curtains of the Mishkan[1], the second is the act of smoothing (Memachaik) which was done to finish the leather of the coverings of the Mishkan.
  2. While the Biblical prohibition of dyeing is only something that will be colored permanently, there is still a Rabbinic prohibition on creating a temporary coloring effect. Therefore, cosmetics such as: rouges, lipsticks, eye shadow, and others which add color to the skin albeit for a short amount of time, are still forbidden to use on Shabbos. [2]

Soap

  1. According to Chacham Ovadia Yosef, it is permitted to use a bar of soap or liquid soap on shabbat because one has no intention of changing anything. One only intends clean what he is washing. [3]
  2. According to Chacham Ben-Zion Abba-Shaul, one may not use a bar of soap but one may use liquid soap on shabbat. [4] Aruch Hashulchan 326:11 and Ketzot Hashulchan 146:32 agree. Kitzur Hilchot Shabbat pg. 74 says this is the common practice. see also Shemirat Shabbat Kihilchita 14:16.
  3. According to Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, it is forbidden to use a bar of soap and it is forbidden to use liquid soap on shabbat. [5]

Cutting Nails or Hair

  1. It is forbidden to cut nails or hair on shabbat or sever them in any way. [6]

Lipstick

  1. It is forbidden for a woman to apply lipstick on shabbat. [7]

Powder

  1. Many Poskim permit women applying non-sticky powder to their faces on Shabbat, however, other poskim forbid this act. Nevertheless, all agree that applying sticky powder is forbidden. [8]

Nail varnish

  1. It is forbidden to apply or remove nail varnish on shabbat. [9]

Combing hair

  1. Regarding combing one's hair on Shabbat, see the Getting Dressed on Shabbat page.

Braiding hair

  1. It is forbidden to braid hair on shabbat. [10]

Perfume

  1. It is permitted to apply perfume onto the human body but it is forbidden to apply perfume onto clothing on shabbat. [11]

Nail polish

  1. It is forbidden to use nail polish on Shabbat whether it is a colored nail polish or clear polish as the shine adds a pleasant finish to the nail, and is enhancing the natural color of the nail which is included in Tzovaya[12].
  2. It is for this same reason, that one would be prohibited from using (i.e. crest) whitening strips. Once again it is also for this same reason that one is prohibited from using fade creams that are of the same color as one's natural skin, even if it is being used just to cover up blemishes.[13]

Blush powders

  1. While there are some Poskim who give a hashgocha on certain blush powders to be used on Shabbos, majority of the powders on the market are oil based which therefore causes the blush to be absorbed by the skin which would make it Tzovaya[14]. Therefore, unless one has a hechsher on a particular product, one should assume that all cosmetic rouge powders are forbidden for use on Shabbos.[15]

Sun-Tanning

  1. Some Poskim go as far as to prohibit intentional suntanning as this leaves a permanent color on the skin[16]. [It should be noted that not all Poskim concur with this ruling, and everyone holds that it is permitted to merely sit outside if there is no intention of tanning, even if one will be pleased with the results.][17]

Makeup removal

  1. While putting on makeup, is in many cases ossur, removing it is permitted. However, it is preferable to be use a disposable tissue, so as to avoid questions of coloring the cloth or towel being used[18]. One should also avoid using nail polish remover[19].

Smoothing cremes

  1. As stated above there is another concern aside for coloring, when dealing with lotions and that is Memachek (smoothing). Therefore, the use of lipstick or even non colored chap stick are prohibited under this Melacha[20]. Skin blemish concealers, hand creams (Nivea, Eucerin),Vaseline, rouge creams, moisturizers, toothpaste, lotions and the like are all prohibited under Memachek as well[21].

Lotions

  1. As long as the lotion has a thin and pourable consistency like that of oil[22] it would be permitted to use (providing that it is not medicinal, as then one would have to ask a shailo regarding the Refuah aspect). Therefore, one may apply most forms of sunblock lotion on an infant (or himself for that matter) as they are of very loose consistency.[23]

Deodorant

  1. It is permissible to use a spray or roll on deodorant. It is however actually prohibited to stain clothing on Shabbat. One puts on deodorant, then puts on a shirt, even if during the week, one puts on a shirt, then puts the deodorant through the head hole, takes off the cover, then puts it on.
  2. If possible, it is prohibited to use stick deodorant on Shabbat, even if one wants to.

Credits

  1. Special thanks to Rabbi Heshy Kahn for this article.

Common questions

  1. Is it permissible to use Crest whitening strips on Shabbos? See above #Nail polish.

Links

Sources

  1. Rashi Parshas Terumah 25:5 D"h Meadamim
  2. Rambam Hilchos Shabbos 22:23, S.A. 303:25, Mishna Brurah 303:79, Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)
  3. Sh"t Yechave Daat 2:50
  4. Sh"t Or Litzion 2:35:5, Rabbi Eli Mansour
  5. Sh"t Igrot Moshe OC 1:113
  6. SA, Orach Chaim, 340.1
  7. Yabia Omer 6.37, Igrot Mosher Orach Chaim 1.114, Menuchat Ahava 13.6
  8. Yechave Daat 4.28, Menichat Ahava 13.7
  9. Shmirat Shabbat Kehilchata 1.158, Yalkut Yosef 4.2.102
  10. Mishna Brurah 303.27
  11. Mishna Brurah 125.23
  12. Shmiras Shabbos K'Hilchosa 14:footnote 152
  13. Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)
  14. Igros Moshe O.C. 1:
  15. Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)
  16. Minchas Yitzchok 5:32
  17. Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)
  18. M.B. 320:59
  19. Shemirat Shabbat KeHilchata (vol 3, chap 14, note 79)
  20. Igros Moshe O.C. 1:114
  21. Rashi (Shabbos 146b D"h Mishchah), Rambam (Shabbat 13:11), Shulchan Aruch 314:11, Mishna Brurah 314:45, Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11)
  22. Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) quoting R' Nosson Kupshitz Shlita
  23. Rabbi Heshy Kahn (What's Doing, Greater Connecticut, 3/3/11) quoting R' Nosson Kupshitz Shlita