Bracha for Good or Bad News
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Revision as of 21:54, 9 September 2011 by ChachamY
- For hearing good news from a reliable source which is good for oneself and for others one should make the Bracha of HaTov VeHaMeitiv. However, for hearing good new which is only good for oneself, one should make Shehechiyanu. 
- Nowadays, we minimize the amount of times these Brachot are said. In cases where Halacha certainly obligates a Bracha, if one does make the Bracha even if it’s not the minhag, one has done properly. 
- According to most ashkenazic authorities, if the father hears or sees that his wife had a baby boy both the father and mother should make a Bracha of HaTov VeHaMeitiv. The Sephardic minhag is not to make HaTov VeHaMeitiv but rather to make Shechiyanu at the Brit Milah. 
- If one's wife had a baby girl both the father and mother should make the bracha of Shechiyanu. 
- For hearing bad news one should make Dayan Emet. This Bracha should be made with the full intent and accepting soul just like one is happy for good news. 
- A great loss of money which causes one pain can warrant Dayan HaEmet. 
- Besides the halacha, it’s also the minhag to make Dayan HaEmet upon hearing the passing of a relative which one is obligated to mourn. 
- S”A 222:1
- Mishna Brurah 222:1
- Piskei Teshuvot 222:1
- S”A 223:1 rules that a father who hears that his wife had a baby boy should make HaTov MeHaMeitiv. Mishna Brurah 223:1 implies that this is true whether the father saw the birth or only heard about it. Most poskim quote this halacha as in Shulchan Aruch including Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 59:9, and Chaye Adam 62:1. However, Aruch HaShulchan 223:2 writes that because the Rambam and Rif didn't quote this halacha perhaps they don't hold of it and so he defends the minhag not to say it.
- Chazon Ovadyah (Brachot pg 388) quotes the Chesed LeAlafim that the minhag is not to make the HaTov VeHaMeitiv at the time of the birth but to have the schechiyanu at the brit milah cover the whole occasion. Kaf Hachaim 223:6 agrees.
- Mishna Brurah 223:2. See also Piskei Teshuvot 223:1 .
- S”A 222:2
- Biur Halacha D”H Dayan HeEmet
- Mishna Brurah 223:8, Piskei Teshuvot 222:2