Difference between revisions of "Bracha Achrona"

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# At a feast or lengthy meal, even if a few hours pass, if from time to time one has some food or drinks, one may make Birkat HaMazon at the end of the meal. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 184:18, Vezot HaBracha (Chapter 5 pg 50) </ref> However, preferably, one shouldn’t wait between any eating or drinking and Birkat HaMazon more than 72 minutes. <Ref> Magan Avraham 184:9 writes that one can make Birkat HaMazon after a few hour meal as long as one continually had other foods, Vezot HaBracha (Chapter 5 pg 51) adds that one should try not to wait more than 72 minutes between the eating and the Birkat haMazon. </ref>
 
# At a feast or lengthy meal, even if a few hours pass, if from time to time one has some food or drinks, one may make Birkat HaMazon at the end of the meal. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 184:18, Vezot HaBracha (Chapter 5 pg 50) </ref> However, preferably, one shouldn’t wait between any eating or drinking and Birkat HaMazon more than 72 minutes. <Ref> Magan Avraham 184:9 writes that one can make Birkat HaMazon after a few hour meal as long as one continually had other foods, Vezot HaBracha (Chapter 5 pg 51) adds that one should try not to wait more than 72 minutes between the eating and the Birkat haMazon. </ref>
 
===Bracha Achrona on other foods===
 
===Bracha Achrona on other foods===
# If one ate any food and is full, preferably one should make Bracha Achrona within 72 minutes and after the fact, one may make it as long as one is full from what one ate. However, after 72 minutes, if one is a little hungry, one can longer make the Bracha Achrona. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 184:19, Vezot HaBracha (pg 49-50, chapter 5) </ref>
+
==How long does one have to say Bracha Achrona?==
 +
# If one ate any food and is full, preferably one should make Bracha Achrona within 72 minutes and after the fact, one may make it as long as one is full from what one ate. However, after 72 minutes, if one is a little hungry, one can no longer make the Bracha Achrona. <Ref> S"A 184:5, Mishna Brurah 184:19, Vezot HaBracha (pg 49-50, chapter 5) </ref>
 
# If it’s past 72 minutes and one is in doubt whether one is still full one may not make the Bracha Achrona, yet, it’s preferable to eat a kezayit of another food make a Bracha Achrona on that to cover the earlier one. <Ref> Vezot HaBracha (pg 50, chapter 5) </ref>
 
# If it’s past 72 minutes and one is in doubt whether one is still full one may not make the Bracha Achrona, yet, it’s preferable to eat a kezayit of another food make a Bracha Achrona on that to cover the earlier one. <Ref> Vezot HaBracha (pg 50, chapter 5) </ref>
# If one ate any food and was not full, preferably one should make Bracha Achrona immediately or within 30 minutes, after the fact one has up to 72 minutes. <Ref> b/m 184:20, Vezot HaBracha (pg 50, chapter 5) </ref>
+
# If one ate any food and was not full, preferably one should make Bracha Achrona immediately or within 30 minutes, after the fact one has up to 72 minutes. <Ref> Mishna Brurah 184:20, Vezot HaBracha (pg 50, chapter 5) </ref>
 +
 
 
===Drinks===
 
===Drinks===
 
# If one drank a reviyit, one should make a Bracha Achrona immediately and after the fact one may make the Bracha Achrona as long as one’s thirst is quenched. <Ref>S”A 184:5, Vezot HaBracha (pg 51, chapter 5) </ref>
 
# If one drank a reviyit, one should make a Bracha Achrona immediately and after the fact one may make the Bracha Achrona as long as one’s thirst is quenched. <Ref>S”A 184:5, Vezot HaBracha (pg 51, chapter 5) </ref>

Revision as of 20:56, 18 October 2011

Al HaMichya

  1. If one ate a kezayit of mezonot food (cake, cookies, etc) after one finishes eating one should make Al HaMichya. [1]
  2. As long as there is a proportion of 1 portion of flour to 6 parts of total ingredients one may say Al HaMichya upon eating a Kezayit of that food. [2]

How long does one have to make Bracha Achrona?

Birkat Hamazon for bread

  1. If one ate bread and is full, preferably one should make Birkat Hamazon within 72 minutes and after the fact, one may make it as long as one is full from what one ate. However, after 72 minutes, if one is a little hungry, one can longer make the Birkat HaMazon. [3]
  2. For example, if one sits to learn with a coffee or tea no need Bracha Rishona is needed as long as one is sitting there. However, if one did drink a reviyit in Shuir Kedi Reviyit and it will be 30 minutes before the next time one drinks one should make a Bracha Achrona and a Bracha Rishona for the next time one drinks. [4]
  3. If it’s past 72 minutes and one is in doubt whether one is still full one can make Birkat HaMazon, yet, it’s preferable to eat another kezayit before making Birkat Hamazon. [5]
  4. If one ate bread and was not full, preferably one should make Birkat HaMazon immediately or within 30 minutes, after the fact one has up to 72 minutes. [6]
  5. At a feast or lengthy meal, even if a few hours pass, if from time to time one has some food or drinks, one may make Birkat HaMazon at the end of the meal. [7] However, preferably, one shouldn’t wait between any eating or drinking and Birkat HaMazon more than 72 minutes. [8]

Bracha Achrona on other foods

How long does one have to say Bracha Achrona?

  1. If one ate any food and is full, preferably one should make Bracha Achrona within 72 minutes and after the fact, one may make it as long as one is full from what one ate. However, after 72 minutes, if one is a little hungry, one can no longer make the Bracha Achrona. [9]
  2. If it’s past 72 minutes and one is in doubt whether one is still full one may not make the Bracha Achrona, yet, it’s preferable to eat a kezayit of another food make a Bracha Achrona on that to cover the earlier one. [10]
  3. If one ate any food and was not full, preferably one should make Bracha Achrona immediately or within 30 minutes, after the fact one has up to 72 minutes. [11]

Drinks

  1. If one drank a reviyit, one should make a Bracha Achrona immediately and after the fact one may make the Bracha Achrona as long as one’s thirst is quenched. [12]
  2. If one is unsure whether one is thirsty and one’s thirst is no longer quenched from the orginal drink, should make the Bracha Achrona within 30 minutes, and afterwards one should make the Bracha Achrona but rather preferably one should eat or drink something else and cover the earlier food with it’s Bracha Achrona. [13]
  3. If one sat down with a drink and sip it from time to time, if one drank a reviyit in Shuir Kedi Reviyit, as long as one drinks time to time each time being less than 30 minutes from the last drink, one can make a Bracha at the end. [14]
  4. If one is unsure whether it’ll be longer than 30 minutes before the next time one drinks (in that same place) one should make the Bracha Achrona immediately and the next time one drinks one should make a new Bracha Rishona. [15]

Interruptions

  1. If one is saying Bracha Mein Shalosh (Al HaMichya) one should pause in order to answer Kaddish and Kedusha. [16]

If one said the wrong Bracha Achrona

If one said Birkat HaMazon

  1. If one ate a Mezonot food and then made Birkat HaMazon by accident one fulfilled one’s obligation and shouldn’t repeat Bracha Achrona. [17]
  2. If one ate a dates or drank wine and then made Birkat HaMazon by accident one fulfilled one’s obligation and shouldn’t repeat Bracha Achrona. [18]
  3. If one ate a different food which has the Bracha Achrona of Boreh Nefashot or Al HaEtz and then made Birkat HaMazon by accident according to most authorities one hasn’t fulfilled one’s obligation but in order to concerned for the minority opinion one should hear the correct Bracha Achrona from someone else or have another amount of food and make the correct Bracha Achrona. [19]
  4. In any case the fact that Birkat HaMazon fulfills one’s obligation after the fact, is true even if one only said the first paragraph of Birkat Hamazon. [20]
  5. If one ate foods that require a Bracha Mein Shalosh (Al HaMichya, Al HaEtz, Al HaGefen) and began saying Birkat HaMazon, if one remembered in middle of saying the first Bracha one should continue with Bracha Mein Shalosh from the words “Al Shehinchalta LeAvotenu”. [21]

References

  1. S"A 208:1 and 210:1
  2. Chazon Ovadyah (Brachot pg 190), Birkat Hashem (vol 2, pg 166), Or Letzion (vol 2, pg 169), Daily Halacha
  3. S”A 184:5 writes that one may Birkat HaMazon until is hungry again. However, some achronim including Aruch HaShulchan 184:7,8, and Kaf HaChaim 184:28 write that since we aren’t precise in determining when we’re hungry or full, one should preferably make Birkat HaMazon within 72 minutes. However, says Vezot HaBracha (pg 49, chapter 5) if one didn’t make Birkat HaMazon until after 72 minutes, one surely may make Birkat HaMazon until one is hungry. Vezot HaBracha quotes Rav Elyashiv who says that it’s preferable to eat a little more before making Birkat HaMazon.
  4. Vezot HaBracha (pg 53, chapter 5)
  5. Mishna Brurah 184:15, Vezot HaBracha (pg 49, chapter 5)
  6. Mishna Brurah 184:20, Vezot HaBracha (pg 50, chapter 5)
  7. Mishna Brurah 184:18, Vezot HaBracha (Chapter 5 pg 50)
  8. Magan Avraham 184:9 writes that one can make Birkat HaMazon after a few hour meal as long as one continually had other foods, Vezot HaBracha (Chapter 5 pg 51) adds that one should try not to wait more than 72 minutes between the eating and the Birkat haMazon.
  9. S"A 184:5, Mishna Brurah 184:19, Vezot HaBracha (pg 49-50, chapter 5)
  10. Vezot HaBracha (pg 50, chapter 5)
  11. Mishna Brurah 184:20, Vezot HaBracha (pg 50, chapter 5)
  12. S”A 184:5, Vezot HaBracha (pg 51, chapter 5)
  13. Vezot HaBracha (pg 51, chapter 5)
  14. Vezot HaBracha (pg 52, chapter 5)
  15. Vezot HaBracha (pg 52, chapter 5)
  16. http://www.dailyhalacha.com/displayRead.asp?readID=995 quoting Or Letzion
  17. Even though S”A 208:17 writes that Birkat HaMazon doesn’t cover saying Al HaMichya on a Tavshil Mezonot, many achronim including Mishna Brurah 208:75 and Halacha Brurah 208:60 argue that one has fulfilled one’s obligation and shouldn’t repeat Bracha Achrona.
  18. S”A 208:17
  19. Halacha Brurah 208:60
  20. S”A 208:17
  21. S”A 208:17