Bracha Achat Mein Shalosh

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Al HaMichya

  1. If someone has a food that’s a safek Al Hagefen one should not eat that food together with a Kezayit of Shehakol and Kezayit of Shevat HaMinim as it’s forbidden to add any addition to Al HaMichya even if it doesn’t cause an addition of Hashem’s name. [1]
  2. If someone had a food that’s a Kezayit of Mezonot and less than a Kezayit of Shevat HaMinim one shouldn’t add the addition of Al HaEtz but one who does add it in has what to rely on. [2]
  3. Someone who ate a Mezonot and Shevat HaMinim can fulfill the obligation of his friend who only had a Safek Kezayit of Mezonot and the addition of Al HaEtz isn’t a Hefsek. [3]
  4. If someone ate a Kezayit of Mezonot and a Reviyat of wine and forgot to make add Al Hagefen one should make a new bracha in order to say Al HaMichya. [4]
  5. If someone heard a bracha Rishona as a Shomea Keonah and changes his mind and doesn’t want to eat he must have something so that his listening and in turn his saying of the bracha shouldn’t be a Bracha Levatala. [5]

References

  1. S”A 208:18 based on the Trumat HaDeshen 30
  2. Sh”t Mishneh Halachot 4:29 says that this law should be similar to that of the S”A 208:18 where one shouldn’t add in an addition even if one isn’t adding Hashem’s name. However, he concludes that one has what to rely on if one does add the part of Al HaEtz because the Taz and some achronim say that this S”A is only true Lechatchila, but bedieved one should add in that line of Al HaEtz. Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 pg 496#22) implies that one shouldn’t add the addition unless one had the proper Shuir.
  3. Birkei Yosef 213, Shaarei Teshuva 213:3, Petach Dvir, Yerach Avraham (O”C 7 pg 13c), Tiferet Adam 7, Kaf HaChaim 213:8, and Yalkut Yosef (vol 3. pg 496 #23)
  4. Yalkut Yosef (vol 3 #23) writes that since one didn’t fulfill the obligation when he left it out of the Al HaMichya he should make a new bracha. He defends his position in Sherit Yosef (vol 3 pg 346)
  5. Sh”t Yabea Omer O”C 8:24