Daily Torah Study

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Learning Torah Daily after Shacharit

Those Who Are Capable of Studying

  1. After Shacharit one should learn Torah [1] as Chazal say anyone who goes from the shul to the Bet Midrash to learn is zoche to see the Shechina. [2]
  2. One should establish a set time to learn every day, that one will not allow to pass even if one stands to lose a lot. [3] Yet, someone who trusts Hashem (has Emunah) will certainly not lose money by learning as Hashem rewards doubly. [4]
  3. If one is forced and greatly pressured to miss one's set time for learning, one should learn one pasuk or halacha. [5] and make up the time for learning later in the day or at night. [6]
  4. Someone who is capable of learning Torah and is able to think of new ideas (Chiddushim), but rather than learning properly, instead opts to spend their time simply reading Tehilim or Zohar without understanding it, may be considered using their time of learning inefficiently (bitul Torah). [7]

Those Who Are Not Capable of Studying

  1. Even someone who does not know how to learn at all should walk to the Bet Midrash (when the Tzibbur sets a time to learn) since one also gets rewarded for walking. [8] One also gets reward for staying in the Bet Midrash and also for hearing words of Torah [9] Additionally, he can sit and think about how to improve his ways. [10]
  2. One who does not know how to learn should support those who do and will get reward for their Torah like the deal between Yissachar and Zevulun. [11]
  3. Someone who knows how to learn Torah a little should learn what he understands rather than just read without any understanding. [12]

Sources

  1. Shulchan Aruch 155:1
  2. Brachot 64a based on Tehilim 84:8- “Vayalchu MeChayil El Chayil El Elohim Betzion”
  3. Tur and S”A 155:1. Gra 155:3 sources it in Gemara Sanhedrin 99bs which says that someone who learns inconsistently is compared to an adulteress wife, Mishna Brurah 155:5 sources it in the Yerushalmi Sotah Perek 9 , and Halacha Brurah (Shaare Tzion 155:2) adds that another source can be Yerushalmi Brachot (end of Brachot) that someone who learns inconsistently is violating the Brit Torah.
  4. Halacha Brurah 155:1; yet, as with the reward for all Mitzvot, the reward is not necessarily meant for this world.
  5. Magen Avraham 155:1 in name of Emek Bracha, Mishna Brurah 155:4, and Halacha Brurah 155:1
  6. Magen Giborim (Eleph HaMagen 155:3), Mishna Brurah 155:4, and Halacha Brurah 155:1 based on Eruvin 65a which says that Rav Acha would regularly learn a certain amount every day and when he could not because of business he would make it up at night. Mor Ukesiah writes similarly 155 that one should learn a fixed amount of time daily but if one learns at a certain time for different intervals everyday then if one needs to go to business one can make it up later that day or in the night.
  7. Pela Yoetz (Mareechet Yediha), Halacha Brurah 155:6
  8. Rama 155:1 (explained by Mishna Brurah 155:7) based on Talmedei Rabbenu Yonah (Brachot 4a).
  9. Mishna Brurah 155:6 based on Devarim Rabba Ki Tetze, quoted in Halacha Brurah 155:6.
  10. Rama 155:1 states that a person who absolutely has no intellectual capacity to learn any portion of torah at all should nonetheless walk to the Beit Midrash and think about his ways, which are valuable on their own!
  11. Tur and S”A Y”D 246:6 based on Bereshit Rabba 99:9.
  12. Halacha Brurah 155:6